SHOCKING: THE WORLD’S LARGEST ASSOCIATION OF EARTH SCIENTISTS FUNDED BY CLIMATE-DENYING EXXON...

Sep 29, 2016 Posted by

[Translate] Environment The American Geophysical Union should be standing up for climate science and scientific integrity—not Exxon. By Elisabeth Holland / AlterNet Photo Credit: Mike Mozart/Flickr CC SUVA, Fiji Islands — At their September meeting, the board of directors for the American Geophysical Union, the largest association of Earth scientists in the world, made a bad decision. They decided to ignore the organization’s own sponsorship policy and continue to accept money from Exxon, one of the world’s leading funders of climate change denial. The AGU’s decision puts those of us here in the imperiled Pacific Islands in a difficult position. As a professor of climate change, I teach my students to stand for scientific integrity—that the power of science emerges from careful evaluation of the data and drawing conclusions based on the data. I...

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RAW SCIENCE ACTUALLY SUPPORTS ANTIVAXXERS: VACCINES UTTERLY DESTROY CELLULAR IMMUNITY...

Sep 23, 2016 Posted by

[Translate]   By: Greg White   The myth that vaccines work is attributed to observations of mammals who recovered from infections with microorganisms that obtained natural immunity from future viruses. Although these observations seem to support vaccinations, raw science reveals that vaccines actually destroy cellular immunity. T-cells are responsible for cell-mediated immunity, whereas B-cells are responsible for humoral immunity (antibodies). Whenever T- and B-cells are activated by a molecule capable of inducing an immune response known as an antigen, some of these cells become memory cells. As a result, the next time an individual is exposed to the same antigen, the immune system can destroy it quickly. This is known as immunity, which gave birth to the belief that if a foreign antigen is injected into someone, then that person is immune from future...

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BRAZIL STUDY RAISES MAJOR DOUBTS ABOUT ZIKA-MICROCEPHALY LINK...

Sep 20, 2016 Posted by

[Translate] by Marco Cáceres   It seems like the science is being rushed… On Sept. 16, 2016, NBC News published an article by Maggie Fox titled “This Study Removes Any Doubt Zika Virus Causes Birth Defect”.1  The words “removes any doubt” are so strong, so conclusive sounding that one cannot help but be drawn to the article and the study on which it is based. During the past nine months, however, I have written so much about Zika2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 that I was tempted to overlook Ms. Fox’s piece and take a short break from covering the issue, but I could not do it. The potential consequences of so many aspects of the Zika issue, including the rush to develop a Zika vaccine and the expansion of toxic pesticide spraying campaigns in the U.S., Puerto Rico and other countries...

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HERD IMMUNITY VS. VIRAL SHEDDING: WHO’S INFECTING WHOM?...

Sep 12, 2016 Posted by

[Translate]     18th August 2015 By Makia Freeman Contributing Writer for Wake Up World Herd immunity, or community immunity as it is also known, is one of the main arguments used by those advocating vaccination to persuade other people to take vaccines. Herd immunity, so it is claimed, provides indirect protection to the unvaccinated. How? Here’s how the reasoning goes: if enough people get vaccinated, when a contagious disease hits a community, it spreads less quickly than if the majority were not vaccinated, since they are now protected. Thus, those unvaccinated few living among the vaccinated many can now enjoy some protection because the disease is finding it harder to spread and infect new individuals. However, this argument is based on many assumptions and flaws, as we shall see… Interestingly enough, in recent times a concept that is...

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Report Shows How Many Asthma Attacks Are Caused By The Oil And Gas Industry...

Sep 2, 2016 Posted by

[Translate] Samantha Page Climate Reporter at @ThinkProgress. Asthma affects millions of U.S. children. A new analysis finds that oil and gas production is causing widespread respiratory effects. CREDIT: AP PHOTO/CARLOS OSORIO New analysis from the Clean Air Task Force shows that by 2025 America’s children will experience 750,000 asthma attacks each summer that will be directly attributable to the oil and gas industry. The report, Gasping for Breath, is the first to quantify the effects of smog caused by oil and gas production and distribution. The authors used industry data submitted to the EPA’s National Emissions Inventory, particularly looking at methane and volatile organic compounds (VOCs), which can interact to create smog. This chemical reaction is facilitated by ultraviolet rays and heat — which is why smog is a bigger problem in the summer than the winter....

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Scientists have much to gain by sharing their research with the public...

Sep 1, 2016 Posted by

[Translate]   Author Marina Joubert Science Communication Researcher, Stellenbosch University Disclosure statement Marina Joubert does not work for, consult, own shares in or receive funding from any company or organization that would benefit from this article, and has disclosed no relevant affiliations beyond the academic appointment above. Partners Stellenbosch University provides support as an endorsing partner of The Conversation AFRICA. The Conversation’s partners View partners of The Conversation Republish this article We believe in the free flow of information. We use a Creative Commons Attribution NoDerivatives licence, so you can republish our articles for free, online or in print. Republish Getting up close and personal with science has huge benefits – for the scientist, too. Steven Lang/https://about.me/steven_lang Academic life is a juggling act. It involves research, teaching, applying for grants, writing scientific articles and...

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Japan’s $320 Million Gamble at Fukushima: An Underground Ice Wall...

Aug 31, 2016 Posted by

[Translate] By MARTIN FACKLER NEW YORK TIMES.COM Photo At the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Station in Japan, 95-foot tanks used to store contaminated water abound. Credit Ko Sasaki for The New York Times FUKUSHIMA DAIICHI NUCLEAR POWER STATION — The part above ground doesn’t look like much, a few silver pipes running in a straight line, dwarfed by the far more massive, scarred reactor buildings nearby. More impressive is what is taking shape unseen beneath: an underground wall of frozen dirt 100 feet deep and nearly a mile in length, intended to solve a runaway water crisis threatening the devastated Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Station in Japan. Officially named the Land-Side Impermeable Wall, but better known simply as the ice wall, the project sounds like a fanciful idea from science fiction or a James...

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Why a Single-Payer Health Care System is Inevitable...

Aug 25, 2016 Posted by

[Translate] Major insurers are bailing on Obamacare. It’s time for something new. By Robert Reich  BILL MOYERS.COM Aetna ‘s stock remained volatile at end of a week in which the health insurance giant announced itwould pull out of most Obamacare exchanges. (Photo: Michael Nagle/Bloomberg via Getty Images) This post originally appeared at RobertReich.org. The best argument for a single-payer health plan is the recent decision by giant health insurer Aetna to bail out next year from 11 of the 15 states where it sells Obamacare plans. Aetna’s decision follows similar moves by UnitedHealth Group, the nation’s largest health insurer, and by Humana, another one of the giants. MORE ON Health & Science Republican ‘Alternative’ to Obamacare Really No Alternative at All BY Wendell Potter | February 12, 2015 All claim they’re not making enough...

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Droughts Dry Up Amazon’s ‘Green Lungs’...

Jul 22, 2016 Posted by

[Translate] By Tim Radford / Climate News Network   VIA TRUTHDIG     A reduction of the Amazon rainforest’s canopy is contributing to climate change. (Phil Blackburn via Flickr) This piece first appeared at Climate News Network. LONDON—Researchers have confirmed once again that if the Amazon rainforest is one of the planet’s “green lungs”, it may be running short of breath. Repeated drought and tree loss mean that there is increasing risk that the forest may one day cease to be a “sink” for atmospheric carbon released by the combustion of fossil fuels. But even as climate scientists shake their heads in distress, plant taxonomists may be holding their heads in despair. They have just been told that so rich and various are the trees of the great Brazilian rainforest that another three centuries may...

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For the first time, scientists explore the atmosphere of an Earth-sized exoplanet...

Jul 20, 2016 Posted by

[Translate] Speaking of Science By Rachel Feltman washington post Artist’s view of planets transiting a red dwarf star in the TRAPPIST-1 system. (NASA, European Space Agency and Space Telescope Science Institute) Forty light years away in the constellation Aquarius, a trio of planets orbit a small, cool star. They are worlds quite unlike our own, tidally locked so that each has a face in constant day and another in eternal night. But now two of these exoplanets have become a little less mysterious. Researchers have begun to examine their atmospheres, and have showed that at least two of the worlds have small, contained atmospheres — like the ones that surround Earth, Venus or Mars. Their results were published Wednesday in Nature. [Why NASA’s top scientist is sure that we’ll find signs of alien life in the next decade]...

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Why one of the world’s best fossil sites is full of severed bird feet...

Jul 20, 2016 Posted by

[Translate] Speaking of Science By Brian Switek WASHINGTON POST One of the isolated legs found in Germany. (Gerald Mayr) Prehistoric creatures aren’t exactly renowned for their table manners. Most dinosaurs, for example, were incapable of chewing and had to swallow their food whole. But some ancient eaters were messier than others. And in southwestern Germany, something especially sloppy left severed bird feet strewn about a dense fossil boneyard. The Messel Pit is one of the greatest fossil sites in the world. Within stacks of 47-million-year-old oil shale is an unmatched record of life in and around an ancient lake. There are early mammals preserved down to their fur, pairs of turtles that somehow died in the middle of mating, dozens of plant species and more than 1,000 bird skeletons. It’s the closest paleontologists can...

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The Scale of Global Wildlife Crime Is Massive, Reveals Shocking New Report...

Jun 21, 2016 Posted by

[Translate] Environment The United Nations’ first-ever World Wildlife Crime Report reveals broad corruption facilitating illegal trade in plants and animals. By Apoorva Joshi / Mongabay   VIA ALTERNET Ivory Crush Event Photo Credit: italy.usembassy.gov The report was produced by the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime using data on thousands of species and seizures from more than 120 countries. It found that trafficking is faciliated by widespread corruption at many levels of government and society, and that crimes are generally not restricted to certain countries. To better fight wildlife crime, officials urge a stepping-up of enforcement and monitoring, as well as increased transnational cooperation. Wildlife trafficking is a global problem, revealed the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) in their first-ever World Wildlife Crime Report. Released late last month, the report finds, among...

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THESE REAL-LIFE CYBORGS HACK THEIR BODIES WITH CHIPS, MAGNETS AND OTHER TECH...

Jun 19, 2016 Posted by

[Translate]   Health & Science These real-life cyborgs hack their bodies with chips, magnets and other tech How cyborg artist Neil Harbisson senses invisible colors Embed Share Play Video1:29 Neil Harbisson is a contemporary artist and cyborg activist best known for having an antenna implanted in his skull and for being officially recognized as a cyborg by a government. (Washington Post Live) By Abigail Abrams Moon Ribas is a self-proclaimed cyborg, but not the kind that super­hero fans will recognize from comic books. The 30-year-old Spanish choreographer has a small magnet implanted in her arm that allows her to feel earthquakes as they happen anywhere in the world. Her implant receives data from a mobile app that collects seismic activity from geological monitors around the globe. When an earthquake happens, the implant vibrates inside...

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A CURIOUS COLD SPOT IN THE ATLANTIC HAS SCIENTISTS THINKING THEIR WORST FEARS HAVE COME TRUE...

Jun 13, 2016 Posted by

[Translate]   by Cat DiStasio  INHABITAT View Slideshow Scientists have observed record high temperatures around the world all summer long. People everywhere are suffering from the intense heat, and the higher temps have contributed to the increasing western drought, wildfires, and all manner of environmental destruction. All points on the globe seem to be hitting new peaks on the thermostat, except for one. There is a curious cold spot in a map of ever-warming ocean waters, showing a “blob” of cooler-than-expected water in the northern Atlantic Ocean, and it has climate scientists more than just a little freaked out. climate change, global warming, melting glaciers, glacial melt, warming oceans, record high temperatures, noaa, atlantic ocean, atlantic circulation The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) reported data from the first eight months of the year...

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SCIENTISTS CONCLUDE OCTUPUS DNA IS NOT FROM THIS WORLD...

Jun 11, 2016 Posted by

[Translate]  JOURNAL NATURE A new study has led researchers to conclude that Octopuses (NOT Octopi) have Alien DNA. Their genome shows a never-before-seen level of complexity with a staggering 33,000 protein-coding genes identified, more than in a human being.   The oceans of our planet hide countless mysteries that could perhaps help answer numerous mysteries of life itself. During the last couple of decades, marine biologists have made small but steady progress towards a deeper understanding of nature and life. A group of researchers decided to do some science and chose the cephalopods in order to try and break down their DNA code, hoping to understand them better. The octopus, squid, and cuttlefish are integrated into the coleoid sub-class of the molluscs. They have an evolutionary history that goes back over 500 million years,...

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CO2 TURNED INTO STONE IN ICELAND IN CLIMATE CHANGE BREAKTHROUGH...

Jun 10, 2016 Posted by

[Translate] THE GUARDIAN Radical new technique promises a cheaper and more secure method of burying CO2 emissions underground instead of storing it as a gas Site close to the Hellisheidi geothermal powerplant, where CO2 was injected into volcanic rock. In two years it was almost completely mineralised. Photograph: Juerg Matter/Science Damian Carrington   Carbon dioxide has been pumped underground and turned rapidly into stone, demonstrating a radical new way to tackle climate change. The unique project promises a cheaper and more secure way of burying CO2 from fossil fuel burning underground, where it cannot warm the planet. Such carbon capture and storage (CCS) is thought to be essential to halting global warming, but existing projects store the CO2 as a gas and concerns about costs and potential leakage have halted some plans. The new...

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WHY THE ENVIRONMENTAL WORKING GROUP ISN’T BACKING THE TOXIC CHEMICALS COMPROMISE...

Jun 9, 2016 Posted by

[Translate] Health & Science Most chemicals used in everything from cleaners to candy bars have never been reviewed by either the EPA or the FDA. This measure won’t change that. By Scott Faber MOYERS & CO There are surprisingly few regulations on the use of chemicals in the USA (Photo: Daderot, via Wikimedia Commons) (Editor’s Note: Several weeks ago, a rare thing happened in Washington: Members of the House and Senate, Democrats and Republicans, announced a bipartisan compromise on a long-awaited bill to modernize the nation’s regulation of toxic chemicals. It won the support across the ideological gamut, from the American Chemistry Council to the White House. The legislation passed the House last month on a lopsided 408-12 vote and the Senate followed suit Tuesday evening, approving the measure on a voice vote. So what’s...

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THERE’S A MINI-EARTH IN ARIZONA THAT’S TEACHING US TO SAVE THE REAL ONE...

Jun 9, 2016 Posted by

[Translate] Newsweek By Nina Burleigh  GRIST This story was originally published by Newsweek and is reproduced here as part of the Climate Desk collaboration. As scientists model dire predictions of environmental disasters from human-caused climate change, and global political instability in our nuclear-tipped world revives the possibility of that Armageddon, the fantasy that we might someday be able to flee the wreckage and sustain ourselves on some ersatz Earth is increasingly appealing. Unfortunately, attempts to create a suitable substitute habitat have not yet succeeded. As far as anyone knows now, Earth, abused and getting more damaged thanks to our unsustainable habits, really is all we got. The urgency and poignancy of this fact was the subject of dozens of talks last month at an environmental summit for young leaders sponsored by One Young World,...

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COMING SOON: CARBON CAPTURE PLANTS THAT SUCK CO2 OUT OF THE AIR...

Jun 5, 2016 Posted by

[Translate] FUTURISM Climeworks Swiss company Climeworks is building a carbon capture and storage facility near Zurich which will be operational by September or October. The company intends to sell the collected CO2 to third parties. Carbon Emissions Storage The effects of climate change are becoming more and more evident as carbon emissions and global temperatures continue to rise. By the 2030s, the Earth’s oceans will suffer major oxygen loss everywhere. Between 2030 and 2050, as many as 250,000 people may die as a result of the social and environmental effects of climate change. Fortunately, efforts are being made to help reduce our carbon output around the world by turning to renewable energy sources. More recently, scientists have devised another line of attack against climate change—carbon capture and storage. To put it in simple terms, carbon capture involves sucking greenhouse gasses from...

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SCIENCE AND POLICY ON VACCINE SAFETY SCIENCE: ‘ABSENCE OF EVIDENCE’ ABUSED AS ‘EVIDENCE OF ABSENCE:’ PART 1...

Jun 4, 2016 Posted by

[Translate] THERE IS A DISTURBING AND CONSISTENT trend in the vaccine safety literature for government-affiliated researchers in the misinterpretation of negative results from studies of specific, serious adverse events from vaccines, such as autism, encephalopathy, ADHD, and other serious neurological injuries. Here’s the (il)logic flow: Conduct a retrospective epidemiological study (case/control, or cohort) with a relatively small samples size (few patients). Do not publish any power analysis showing that you had sufficient sampling effort to conduct significant effect. Analyze the data (we won’t go into cherry picking results here, but that, as well as “analyzing to result” both happen when a positive association is found, but the researchers wish to keep the result from public view). Find no or weak association. Lament the high confidence interval. Conclude something sciency-sounding, like:”The relative risk of severe neurologic...

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FIRST FRAUD: DR. PAUL THORSEN AND THE ORIGINAL AUTISM “DANISH STUDY”...

Jun 2, 2016 Posted by

[Translate] By J.B. Handley  AGE OF AUTISM.COM In my last post Frantic: CDC’s Dr. Diane Simpson Travels the World to Find Dr. Poul Thorsen, I detailed the desperate world travel of Dr. Diane Simpson, a CDC employee tasked with proving, at all costs, that thimerosal in vaccines was not causing autism. If desperate times call for desperate acts, than there is no desperate act more extreme than the study ultimately published due to Dr. Simpson’s world travel, Thimerosal and the Occurrence of Autism: Negative Ecological Evidence From Danish Population-Based Data . More than any other, this study has been used to club our community over the head that thimerosal couldn’t possibly cause autism. Of course, it was published in Pediatrics, a journal that appears to have no standards whatsoever if a paper written by...

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HERE’S WHAT ACTUAL CLIMATE SCIENTISTS THINK OF TRUMP’S NEW ENERGY PLAN...

Jun 2, 2016 Posted by

[Translate] by Emily Atkin CLIMATE PROGRESS CREDIT: AP Photo/Scott Heppell Presidential contender Donald Trump gestures to the media on the 17th fairway on the first day of the Women’s British Open golf championship on the Turnberry golf course in Turnberry, Scotland, Thursday, July 30, 2015.   If Donald Trump is elected president, America’s approach to energy and the environment will be drastically different than it is today. Trump made that clear last week, when he laid out his full energy policy proposal for the first time in Bismarck, North Dakota. In that speech, Trump said he would roll back president Obama’s climate change regulations, build the Keystone XL pipeline, and “cancel” the landmark Paris climate agreement. In a nutshell, Trump promised to undo almost every major policy developed in the last decade intended to...

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THE BOILING POT

May 31, 2016 Posted by

[Translate]   Richard Heinberg  POST CARBON INSTITUTE On the surface, things appear normal. The status quo of life in America circa 2016 isn’t to everyone’s liking, but at least the system is still working after a fashion. The price of oil is going up a bit: that means the cost of driving is also creeping higher, but steeper prices provide a little welcome relief for an oil industry otherwise teetering on the brink of financial ruin. There are tiresomely long lines at airports, but that means people have the wherewithal to pay for plane tickets. Most people are disgusted with the presumptive U.S. presidential candidates, but at least the machine of electoral politics is still marginally functioning. The stock market is up, unemployment is down. We’re muddling through. Or are we? Beneath the lid,...

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THE HOUSE SCIENCE COMMITTEE HATES SCIENCE AND SHOULD BE DISBANDED...

May 18, 2016 Posted by

[Translate] The House science committee has become a national embarrassment, and does more harm than good. Let’s get rid of it J.D. Trout   Lamar Smith (Credit: AP/Harry Hamburg) As if named by a Congressional Office of Dark Irony, The House Committee on Science, Space, and Technology really seems to hate science. Its current chair, Lamar Smith, R – Tex., is a climate change denier, seeing a conspiracy in the overwhelming scientific consensus on human-caused global warming, where the vast majority of experts in the world see only good science. In the last four or five Congressional sessions, the attacks on science made by the majority membership of HCSST have become increasingly unhinged and prolonged. Rather than acting on House Resolutions that advanced the aims of science, Lamar Smith assumed the role of small-government...

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SCIENTISTS MAY HAVE FOUND THE KEY TO MOTIVATING PEOPLE TO ACT ON CLIMATE CHANGE...

May 7, 2016 Posted by

[Translate] by Alejandro Davila Fragoso CLIMATE PROGRESS CREDIT: AP Photo/Bullit Marquez Motivating people to act on climate change is a constant struggle for governments and nonprofits. But a new study may have found how best to frame the issue to inspire people not just to act, but also to give. In a study published in Climatic Change Wednesday, researchers found people may donate up to 50 percent more money to a cause when encouraged to think about a problem in collective terms, instead of appealing to personal responsibility. In other words, climate action campaigns like the ones Canada and the European Union have launched may do better when they call for us to act, instead of asking you to act. “We’re operating on a lot of baked-in assumptions on how to motivate people,” lead...

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DEAD ZONES DEVOUR OCEAN’S OXYGEN...

May 4, 2016 Posted by

[Translate]   By Tim Radford / Climate News Network   VIA TRUTHDIG     Extremes of heat deprive fish of the oxygen they need to survive near the ocean surface. (Naren Gunasekera via Flickr) This piece first appeared at Climate News Network. LONDON—Scientists in the US have identified a new hazard in a world in which the climates change and the oceans warm: measurable stretches of the seas could become sapped of oxygen. They say that parts of the southern Indian Ocean, the eastern tropical Pacific and the Atlantic are already less oxygen-rich because of global warming. And oxygen deprivation could become increasingly widespread across large regions of ocean between 2030 and 2040. Anyone who has ever kept a home aquarium knows that, in the summer, the fish in the tank are more likely to...

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THE NORTH POLE IS MOVING, AND NOW WE KNOW WHAT’S CAUSING IT — US...

Apr 26, 2016 Posted by

[Translate] Hard Science FUTURISM NASA/JPL-Caltech In Brief Something strange is happening to our planet. Around the year 2000, the North rotational pole started migrating eastward at a vigorous clip. Now, scientists at NASA have figured out what’s going on…and humans are behind it. You might not feel it personally, but Earth’s rotational spin axis—is shifting. Around the beginning of the 21st century, scientists started noticing that the North rotational pole was moving eastward. Now, scientists from NASA’s Jet Propulsion Laboratory believe they have a plausible reason as to why. Human Disturbances Earths rotational axis is constantly shifting – that’s nothing new. It’s because Earth (and any other planet in existence) isn’t a perfect sphere. It’s imperfect, cover with bumps and chasms. “If you take a chunk of material from some area, you are breaking...

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CLIMATE DENIERS GET A REALITY CHECK...

Apr 21, 2016 Posted by

[Translate]   By Tim Radford / Climate News Network  VIA THINK PROGRESS     Emissions at a coal-fired power station in the U.S., where only 12 percent of people know there is strong scientific agreement about climate change. (Andrew Hart via Flickr) This piece first appeared at Climate News Network. LONDON—In what should, in a rational world, have been an entirely unnecessary research project, US scientists have once again explored familiar ground and arrived at a familiar conclusion: 97% of climate scientists agree that climate change is happening—and that it is caused by humans. Since the governments of 195 nations have de facto already accepted this, and collectively vowed at the UN climate conference in Paris last December to reduce greenhouse gas emissions from fossil fuel combustion and contain global warming if possible to...

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SCIENTISTS LOOK TO SOIL TO SAVE EARTH FROM OVERHEATING...

Apr 18, 2016 Posted by

[Translate]   By Tim Radford / Climate News Network   VIA TRUTHDIG     Four-fifths of annual emissions from fossil fuel combustion could be retained by soil, climate scientists believe. (Ron Nichols / NRCS via Flickr) This piece first appeared at Climate News Network. LONDON—Climate scientists anxious to find ways to limit atmospheric greenhouse gases have started to look at the ground beneath their feet. They calculate that although the world’s soils already hold 2.4 trillion tonnes of gases in the form of organic carbon, there’s room for more. Scientists from the US and Scotland report in Nature journal that with a few changes to agricultural practice, there would be room for another 8 billion tonnes. “In our fight to avoid dangerous climate change in the 21st century, we need heavyweight allies,” says Dave Reay, a...

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HOW A PAPER PLANT IN ARKANSAS IS ALLEGEDLY POISONING THE PEOPLE OF CROSSETT...

Apr 13, 2016 Posted by

[Translate] Tech & Science By Emily Crane Linn NEWSWEEK The Georgia-Pacific’s aeration pond in Crossett, Arkansas. The paper and plywood plant employs a large amount of the surrounding community and many in the area blame the plant’s pollution for the severe health issues residents are facing. Nicolaus Czarnecki/ZUMA/Alamy “Let me give you a sketch of the neighborhood,” Leroy Patton said as he put his car in Park on the side of Lawson Road. He took his toothpick out of his mouth and used it to point to an empty house, an abandoned doll lying facedown in the weeds in front of the hollow structure. The Lawson couple used to live here, Patton says; the street was named for them. “They’re dead from cancer and stroke.” He pointed to another property. “Down here is Pat....

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