THE HOUSE SCIENCE COMMITTEE HATES SCIENCE AND SHOULD BE DISBANDED...

May 18, 2016 Posted by

[Translate] The House science committee has become a national embarrassment, and does more harm than good. Let’s get rid of it J.D. Trout   Lamar Smith (Credit: AP/Harry Hamburg) As if named by a Congressional Office of Dark Irony, The House Committee on Science, Space, and Technology really seems to hate science. Its current chair, Lamar Smith, R – Tex., is a climate change denier, seeing a conspiracy in the overwhelming scientific consensus on human-caused global warming, where the vast majority of experts in the world see only good science. In the last four or five Congressional sessions, the attacks on science made by the majority membership of HCSST have become increasingly unhinged and prolonged. Rather than acting on House Resolutions that advanced the aims of science, Lamar Smith assumed the role of small-government...

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SCIENTISTS MAY HAVE FOUND THE KEY TO MOTIVATING PEOPLE TO ACT ON CLIMATE CHANGE...

May 7, 2016 Posted by

[Translate] by Alejandro Davila Fragoso CLIMATE PROGRESS CREDIT: AP Photo/Bullit Marquez Motivating people to act on climate change is a constant struggle for governments and nonprofits. But a new study may have found how best to frame the issue to inspire people not just to act, but also to give. In a study published in Climatic Change Wednesday, researchers found people may donate up to 50 percent more money to a cause when encouraged to think about a problem in collective terms, instead of appealing to personal responsibility. In other words, climate action campaigns like the ones Canada and the European Union have launched may do better when they call for us to act, instead of asking you to act. “We’re operating on a lot of baked-in assumptions on how to motivate people,” lead...

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DEAD ZONES DEVOUR OCEAN’S OXYGEN...

May 4, 2016 Posted by

[Translate]   By Tim Radford / Climate News Network   VIA TRUTHDIG     Extremes of heat deprive fish of the oxygen they need to survive near the ocean surface. (Naren Gunasekera via Flickr) This piece first appeared at Climate News Network. LONDON—Scientists in the US have identified a new hazard in a world in which the climates change and the oceans warm: measurable stretches of the seas could become sapped of oxygen. They say that parts of the southern Indian Ocean, the eastern tropical Pacific and the Atlantic are already less oxygen-rich because of global warming. And oxygen deprivation could become increasingly widespread across large regions of ocean between 2030 and 2040. Anyone who has ever kept a home aquarium knows that, in the summer, the fish in the tank are more likely to...

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THE NORTH POLE IS MOVING, AND NOW WE KNOW WHAT’S CAUSING IT — US...

Apr 26, 2016 Posted by

[Translate] Hard Science FUTURISM NASA/JPL-Caltech In Brief Something strange is happening to our planet. Around the year 2000, the North rotational pole started migrating eastward at a vigorous clip. Now, scientists at NASA have figured out what’s going on…and humans are behind it. You might not feel it personally, but Earth’s rotational spin axis—is shifting. Around the beginning of the 21st century, scientists started noticing that the North rotational pole was moving eastward. Now, scientists from NASA’s Jet Propulsion Laboratory believe they have a plausible reason as to why. Human Disturbances Earths rotational axis is constantly shifting – that’s nothing new. It’s because Earth (and any other planet in existence) isn’t a perfect sphere. It’s imperfect, cover with bumps and chasms. “If you take a chunk of material from some area, you are breaking...

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CLIMATE DENIERS GET A REALITY CHECK...

Apr 21, 2016 Posted by

[Translate]   By Tim Radford / Climate News Network  VIA THINK PROGRESS     Emissions at a coal-fired power station in the U.S., where only 12 percent of people know there is strong scientific agreement about climate change. (Andrew Hart via Flickr) This piece first appeared at Climate News Network. LONDON—In what should, in a rational world, have been an entirely unnecessary research project, US scientists have once again explored familiar ground and arrived at a familiar conclusion: 97% of climate scientists agree that climate change is happening—and that it is caused by humans. Since the governments of 195 nations have de facto already accepted this, and collectively vowed at the UN climate conference in Paris last December to reduce greenhouse gas emissions from fossil fuel combustion and contain global warming if possible to...

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SCIENTISTS LOOK TO SOIL TO SAVE EARTH FROM OVERHEATING...

Apr 18, 2016 Posted by

[Translate]   By Tim Radford / Climate News Network   VIA TRUTHDIG     Four-fifths of annual emissions from fossil fuel combustion could be retained by soil, climate scientists believe. (Ron Nichols / NRCS via Flickr) This piece first appeared at Climate News Network. LONDON—Climate scientists anxious to find ways to limit atmospheric greenhouse gases have started to look at the ground beneath their feet. They calculate that although the world’s soils already hold 2.4 trillion tonnes of gases in the form of organic carbon, there’s room for more. Scientists from the US and Scotland report in Nature journal that with a few changes to agricultural practice, there would be room for another 8 billion tonnes. “In our fight to avoid dangerous climate change in the 21st century, we need heavyweight allies,” says Dave Reay, a...

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HOW A PAPER PLANT IN ARKANSAS IS ALLEGEDLY POISONING THE PEOPLE OF CROSSETT...

Apr 13, 2016 Posted by

[Translate] Tech & Science By Emily Crane Linn NEWSWEEK The Georgia-Pacific’s aeration pond in Crossett, Arkansas. The paper and plywood plant employs a large amount of the surrounding community and many in the area blame the plant’s pollution for the severe health issues residents are facing. Nicolaus Czarnecki/ZUMA/Alamy “Let me give you a sketch of the neighborhood,” Leroy Patton said as he put his car in Park on the side of Lawson Road. He took his toothpick out of his mouth and used it to point to an empty house, an abandoned doll lying facedown in the weeds in front of the hollow structure. The Lawson couple used to live here, Patton says; the street was named for them. “They’re dead from cancer and stroke.” He pointed to another property. “Down here is Pat....

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WHEN BAD THINGS HAPPEN TO GOOD SCIENCE JOURNALS...

Apr 11, 2016 Posted by

[Translate] Climate by Joe Romm CLIMATE PROGRESS CREDIT: Shutterstock   A deeply flawed new study tries to challenge the basic scientific understanding that “wet areas are likely to get wetter and dry areas drier in a warmer world.” This Nature article has been justifiably criticized for both its methodology and for ignoring a vast literature that contradicts it. “It is sad for the science,” when “papers like this gets published and get attention,” according to Kevin Trenberth, a leading expert on how climate change impacts the hydrological cycle. “This paper does some useful things but … the extrapolations, model evaluations and conclusions are not justified!” Let’s start with the basic science — and the basic reason I’m surprised this article made it through peer review and got published in Nature. The study “Northern Hemisphere...

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WE’RE TELLING OUTER SPACE ALL ABOUT OUR BIGGEST EARTH MISTAKES...

Apr 8, 2016 Posted by

[Translate] Maria Starovoytova / Shutterstock By Suzanne Jacobs   GRIST Don’t answer right away, but here’s a question for you: “How will our present environmental interactions shape the future?” This is what the people behind Edinburgh-based nonprofit A Simple Response to an Elemental Message are asking the public as they put together a kind of time capsule of this current moment in the Anthropocene. Later this fall, they’ll beam that time capsule into space, where our words will propagate for eons upon eons, probably outlasting all of humanity and whatever climate change havoc we’ve wrought on this Earth. So, you know, choose your words wisely. The project, a collaboration between researchers at the Edinburgh College of Art, the U.K. Astronomy and Technology Center, the Royal Observatory of Edinburgh, and the University of Edinburgh, is less an attempt to convince E.T. that we have a moral compass and understand...

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GENETICALLY MODIFIED CROPS CAN THRIVE AS THE WORLD WARMS...

Apr 4, 2016 Posted by

[Translate] By Alex Kirby / Climate News Network  VIA TRUTHDIG     Rice harvesting in Indonesia. (Curt Caremark / World Bank via Flickr) This piece first appeared at Climate News Network. LONDON—Genetically engineering photosynthesis in plants could take advantage of rising global temperatures and increased levels of carbon dioxide, US scientists say. They believe this could achieve much higher yields on the same amount of land and help to stave off the prospect of widespread hunger as human populations increase. Researchers at the University of Illinois report in the journal Proceedings of the Royal Society B on their experiments with an enzyme that can determine the rate of photosynthesis—the way that plants use light to produce oxygen and organic compounds—and a molecule linked to plant growth They say field tests have shown that their...

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EVEN WORSE THAN IMAGINED: SEA LEVELS WILL RISE NEARLY DOUBLE THAN THE PREVIOUSLY CONSIDERED “WORST-CASE SCENARIO” DEVASTATING STUDY REVEALS...

Mar 31, 2016 Posted by

[Translate] New research suggests that the landmark Paris accord may be insufficient to prevent catastrophic sea level rise Michael Garofalo   SALON.COM NASA’s DC-8 flies over the Brunt Ice Shelf in Antarctica, October 26, 2010. (Credit: Reuters/Michael Studinger) In December 2015, representatives of 195 nations reached a watershed climate agreement widely hailed as a crucial step towards preventing the most devastating threats posed by climate change. The agreement, which requires nearly every country to reduce greenhouse gas emissions, was met with jubilation by the thousands of delegates gathered for the Paris summit.“This is truly a historic moment,” said United Nations SSecretary General Ban Ki-moon. “For the first time, we have a truly universal agreement on climate change, one of the most crucial problems on earth.” But new research suggests that the terms of the landmark...

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SCIENTISTS MAY HAVE FOUND A WAY TO PREDICT HEAT WAVES – 50 DAYS IN ADVANCE...

Mar 31, 2016 Posted by

[Translate] Shutterstock By Xian Chiang-Waren GRIST Normally, I don’t trust the weather forecast to know the difference between sunshine or showers even a few days out. But a new study just published in Nature Geoscience indicates that meteorologists are close to being able to predict heat waves on the East Coast up to 50 days before they occur. The advance warning could help big cities, utilities companies, transit systems, and agricultural operations prepare for extreme temperatures — and, hopefully, prevent serious disruptions like power blackouts.“There are many possible health, economic and other impacts of these hot temperatures and advanced warning can only help,” as climate scientist Jonathan Overpeck of the University of Arizona told the Associated Press. But how is it even possible? So glad you asked. Basically, the study’s authors found a strong correlation between water temperatures in the north-central Pacific Ocean...

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BREAKING: Pressure to censor VAXXED documentary at Tribeca Film Festival came from the Nazi-linked Sloan Foundation, headed by CFR member Paul Joskow...

Mar 29, 2016 Posted by

[Translate] Monday, March 28, 2016 by Mike Adams, the Health Ranger (NaturalNews) As the story on the censorship of the VAXXED documentary continues to unfold, we are learning that Robert De Niro was pressured by none other than the Sloan Foundation in New York to blacklist the independent documentary. The Sloan Foundation is so named from Alfred P. Sloan, a Nazi collaborator and eugenics depopulation promoter. It’s no coincidence that his own beliefs on using medical interventions to reduce race-targeted populations coincides perfectly with the stated depopulation goals of Bill Gates (whose financial web of influence is woven across the entire vaccine propaganda landscape). What led me to connect the dots on this is a short piece from Celia Farber of The Turth Barrier, who originally noticed the Sloan Foundation link. As admitted on...

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METHANE EMISSIONS ARE SPIKING, BUT IT MIGHT BE MORE COW THAN CAR...

Mar 17, 2016 Posted by

[Translate] by Natasha Geiling CLIMATE PROGRESS CREDIT: Shutterstock Since 2006, atmospheric levels of methane — a greenhouse gas 86 times more potent than carbon dioxide over a 20-year period — have steadily been on the rise. For years, scientists weren’t sure what was behind the rising levels of methane, but they had a few ideas: namely an increase in fossil fuel-related emissions. Now, a new study is pointing to a different culprit: agriculture-related methane emissions, especially from livestock and rice production. Published last week in the journal Science, researchers from New Zealand’s National Institute of Water and Atmospheric Research (NIWA) found that the majority of methane released into the atmosphere since 2006 was produced by bacteria, pointing to sources like agriculture — rather than sources like fossil fuel production or the burning of organic...

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SCIENTISTS FIND MYSTERIOUS, REPEATING RADIO BURSTS EMANATING FROM SPACE...

Mar 15, 2016 Posted by

[Translate] Off World Credit: Odisha Sun Times  VIA FUTURISM In Brief Scientists discover repeating fast radio bursts coming from the far edge of the galaxy, overthrowing notions that FRBs are non-repeating in nature. Signals In the Night While sifting through various observation results made using the world’s largest radio telescope, McGill University PhD student Paul Scholz discovered something very rare—repeating fast radio bursts. Admittedly, it’s not as dramatic nor as action-packed as when Jodie Foster’s character in the 90s sci-fi movie Contact discovered radio transmissions from outer space, but Scholz’s discovery of ten additional bursts from the direction of FRB 121102 is certainly an exciting discovery in its own right. Until Scholz’s new findings, repeating fast radio bursts (FRB) were—no pun intended—unheard of. All incidents of FRBs are recorded to be non-repeating in nature. This has...

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STUNNED BY FEBRUARY TEMPERATURE SPIKES, SCIENTISTS DECLARE CLIMATE EMERGENCY...

Mar 15, 2016 Posted by

[Translate]   Environment NASA data shows that global surface temperatures warmed last month by an unprecedented margin. By Sarah Lazare / AlterNet The February temperature spike shocked climate scientists. Photo Credit: Shutterstock New data from NASA’s Goddard Institute for Space Studies (GISS) shows that February temperatures shattered all previous warm weather records for this month. However, this was no ordinary record-breaking month, which we’ve been seeing a lot of lately. The average global surface temperature was 1.35 degrees Celsius warmer than 1951 to 1980 average, meaning that February warmed by an unprecedented margin.  Compare this spike to the previous record-breaking Februaries: 0.88 degrees above average in 1998 and 0.87 degrees above in 2015. The temperature leap for this February was so great it left climate scientists stunned. The director of GISS and principal investigator for the...

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MIDDLE EAST SUMMERS COULD BECOME UNLIVABLE BY THE END OF THE CENTURY...

Mar 14, 2016 Posted by

[Translate]   The “father of global warming” has a dire warning for people living in hot, tropical locales. Alexander C. Kaufman Senior Business Editor, The Huffington Post altrendo nature via Getty Images James Hansen has a dire warning for the Middle East and tropical areas: Summer is coming. By the end of the century, the so-called “father of global warming” predicts that rising temperatures caused by human-induced climate change will render the countries that already experience hot summers unlivable during those months. “The tropics and the Middle East in summer are in danger of becoming practically uninhabitable by the end of the century if business-as-usual fossil fuel emissions continue, because wet bulb temperature could approach the level at which the human body is unable to cool itself even under well-ventilated outdoor conditions,” Hansen, an adjunct...

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IS WORRY WORTHWHILE IN CONFRONTING CLIMATE CHANGE?...

Mar 7, 2016 Posted by

[Translate] NYTDOT By Andrew C. Revkin Credit Andrew C. Revkin Various updates | Is worry worthwhile in confronting a challenge as complex and sprawling — in time and geography — as greenhouse-driven climate change? Photo A March, 2016, cover story in Time Magazine told readers to “be worried.”Credit Time I’ve addressed this question before in various ways, but was prompted to dig into my ideas and feelings about the building greenhouse effect with new rigor when two very different magazines, Issues in Science and Technology (the magazine of the National Academies) and Creative Nonfiction, invited me to write an essay on my 30 years of climate inquiry. I went through three or four completely different drafts and settled on a narrative starting with how I’ve come to deal with two immovable realities — my...

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Carbon Dioxide Levels Reach Highest Point in 15 Million Years...

Mar 5, 2016 Posted by

[Translate] Sea levels (and temperatures) are also the highest they’ve been in years. By Dahr Jamail / Truthout   Chemical factory with smoke stack Photo Credit: Nickolay Khoroshkov Recently, a Norwegian Coast Guard icebreaker ship took an interesting trip into the Arctic. The ship found no ice to break, despite the fact that it was the dead of winter and barely 800 miles from the North Pole. Indeed, record-low levels of Arctic sea ice are becoming normal. The ice is disappearing before our very eyes.  Satellite data now shows we are witnessing a very rapid acceleration in global sea level rise. In the last six years, oceans have risen by five millimeters per year, which is a rate not seen since the ending of the last Ice Age – and it is accelerating. One of the...

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GLOBAL WARMING: UNEVEN CHANGES ACROSS THE PLANET...

Feb 29, 2016 Posted by

[Translate]  THE GUARDIAN With greater melting of the sea ice, polar bears (above, off northern Alaska in 2007) find hunting for prey hard. Photograph: Dan Crosbie/PA Kate Ravilios   Less than 2C of global warming for the Earth, the target agreed by leaders at the COP21 climate conference in Paris last November, doesn’t really sound too ambitious. In fact, many of us would welcome an extra couple of degrees warmth. So what is all the fuss about? Unfortunately the warming would not occur evenly around the world. A study published recently in Nature shows what 2C of warming – a rise, of this level, above the pre-industrial global mean surface temperature – might really feel like and which regions may be hit hardest. Some of the regional hot spots cited are the Mediterranean countries,...

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FOSSIL FUEL USE MUST FALL TWICE AS FAST AS THOUGHT TO CONTAIN GLOBAL WARMING – STUDY...

Feb 29, 2016 Posted by

[Translate]   Available carbon budget is half as big as thought if global warming is to be kept within 2C limit agreed internationally as being the point of no return, researchers say. Climate News Network reports Smoke billows from a coal fired power plant in Shanxi, China. Photograph: Kevin Frayer/Getty Images Tim Radford for Climate News Network, part of the Guardian Environment Network Climate scientists have bad news for governments, energy companies, motorists, passengers and citizens everywhere in the world: to contain global warming to the limits agreed by 195 nations in Paris last December, they will have to cut fossil fuel combustion at an even faster rate than anybody had predicted. Joeri Rogelj, research scholar at the International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis in Austria, and European and Canadian colleagues propose in Nature...

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Exxon is Flooding the World with Fossil Fuels that Could Destroy Life As We Know It...

Feb 22, 2016 Posted by

[Translate] Environment Exxon’s never-ending big dig. By Bill McKibben / Tom Dispatch Photo Credit: Kamonrat/Shutterstock.com Here’s the story so far. We have the chief legal representatives of the eighth and 16th largest economies on Earth (California and New York) probing the biggest fossil fuel company on Earth (ExxonMobil), while both Democratic presidential candidates are demanding that the federal Department of Justice join the investigation of what may prove to be one of the biggest corporate scandals in American history.  And that’s just the beginning.  As bad as Exxon has been in the past, what it’s doing now — entirely legally — is helping push the planet over the edge and into the biggest crisis in the entire span of the human story. Back in the fall, you might have heard something about how Exxon...

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HUNTING FOR THE NEUROSCIENCE OF HEAT AND VIOLENCE...

Feb 17, 2016 Posted by

[Translate] Grist / Amelia Bates Climate on the Mind Climate on the Mind: A Series   By Clayton Aldern GRIST Six thousand years ago, Egyptian Sahara. The desert is moving. We know this to be true from carbon dating, from archaeological investigations, from satellite imagery; from geographers, climatologists, and anthropologists. For at least 6,000 years, the Sahara Desert — or what would become the Sahara Desert — has been expanding and contracting. Mostly it has been inching southward.For just as long, people scurry in its wake. Dynasties rise and fall. Pastoralists lead their cattle down away from the desert. Populations swell. The sands of time, too, do their inching. Jump. In the last decades of the 20th century, the multi-millennial creep of the desert is accompanied by an increased frequency of drought and heat waves that has...

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HOW MELTING GIANT ICEBERGS MAY HELP SLOW CLIMATE CHANGE (JUST A LITTLE) WHO KNEW?...

Jan 21, 2016 Posted by

[Translate] Jacqueline Howard Associate Science Editor, The Huffington Post Eastcott Momatiuk via Getty Images Water dripping off of icebergs in the Antarctic Ocean contains nutrients for phytoplankton, which can help absorb carbon dioxide. Melting icebergs may be fighting against the very forces that cause them to melt, a new study suggests. Water dripping off icebergs and into the Antarctic Ocean, also known as the Southern Ocean, contains iron and other nutrients, according to research published Monday in the journal Nature Geoscience. These nutrients fertilize phytoplankton, the microscopic marine life that plays a key role in oceanic ecosystems, and help the tiny plants absorb carbon dioxide in the atmosphere as they grow into plumes. In other words, there might be even more carbon dioxide in our atmosphere if it weren’t for the help of phytoplankton, said Dr. Grant Bigg,...

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THERE IS SOMETHING ODD AND OMINOUS AFOOT IN GREENLAND. DID A HUGE MELT WATER PULSE OCCUR ON 1-16-16?...

Jan 19, 2016 Posted by

[Translate]   By Pakalolo  DAILY KOS   RSS REBLOGGED BY Climate Change SOS After the last ice age, glacial melt caused sea levels to rise rapidly by 120 meters. Large expanses of land that were once migratory paths and habitations for prehistoric civilizations gradually submerged through a series of catastrophic floods and mega-tsunami. (Meltwater Pulse 1A and 2B are discussed in the video at the bottom of this story.) If this event in Greenland is the start of another Meltwater Pulse we are effed. From Robert Scribbler. The remnants of hurricane Alex were pulled into a storm system just south of Greenland on Friday January 15, 2016. An event that then flooded both Baffin Bay and Western Greenland with warm, tropical air. At the same time, Greenland observers both noted what appears to be ice mass losses over...

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SCIENTISTS DISCOVER THAT MELTING GLACIERS ARE SLOWING DOWN THE EARTH’S ROTATION...

Jan 10, 2016 Posted by

[Translate] by Katie Medlock    INHABITAT As climate change continues to affect the planet, rising sea levels are just one of the visible consequences. NASA has predicted a one meter rise worldwide in the next few centuries, which is disastrous for coastal communities – but that’s not all. Scientists studying the Earth’s core recently announced that changing sea levels are actually slowing down the Earth’s rotation. A study published in Science Advances this month investigated different contributors to both rising sea levels and a slowing down of the Earth’s rotation. It turns out that, over the past 3000 years, the Earth’s core has been speeding up while the mantle-crust (where we live) has been slowing down. One mechanism at play is the melting of our planet’s glaciers: as the polar water melts it is drawn...

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10 OF THE MOST AMAZING SCIENCE STORIES OF 2015 (VIDEO)...

Jan 9, 2016 Posted by

[Translate] News & Politics Thousands of science stories have caught our attention in 2015, not all of them as groundbreaking (or credible) as these. By Lucy Goodchild Van Hilten / The Canary   VIA ALTERNET In 2015 we read about exploring the solar system, visiting comets and discovering sub-atomic particles. How scientists edited genomes, discovered a new human ancestor and figured out how to grow vocal cords from scratch. And we watched as world leaders tried to come to an agreement on how to halt climate change. Some of the year’s biggest Google searches were science-related, with more than 10 million searches for water on Mars in October and 13 million for COP21 in November. And Google’s most searched “who is” this year was “who is Lucy the Australopithecus?” Thousands of science stories have caught...

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EARTH IS EXPERIENCING A GLOBAL WARMING SPURT,...

Jan 6, 2016 Posted by

[Translate] Environment The much slower-moving cycle of the Pacific Ocean has been playing a role in record-breaking warmth. By John Upton / Climate Central   VIA ALTERNET Cyclical changes in the Pacific Ocean have thrown Earth’s surface into what may be an unprecedented warming spurt, following a global warming slowdown that lasted about 15 years. While El Niño is being blamed for an outbreak of floods, storms and unseasonable temperatures across the planet, a much slower-moving cycle of the Pacific Ocean has also been playing a role in record-breaking warmth. The recent effects of both ocean cycles are being amplified by climate change. High temperatures are bleaching corals, such as this bent sea rod off Florida. (image: U.S. Geological Survey/Flickr) A 2014 flip was detected in the sluggish and elusive ocean cycle known as the Pacific Decadal Oscillation,...

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A WILD LIBERTY: THE SIXTH MASS EXTINCTION...

Jan 2, 2016 Posted by

[Translate]   By Grant A. Mincy, Center for a Stateless Society | Op-Ed   (Photo: Deforestation via Shutterstock) The Sixth Mass Extinction Of all the complex, wicked problems addressed by the current environmental movement, perhaps the most urgent is the rarely discussed mass extinction. We are currently experiencing Earth’s sixth great mass extinction crisis — on par with the rate that ended the reign of the dinosaurs, thus terminating the Mesozoic. Stuart Pimm of Duke University, a recognized expert in the field of conservation biology, has published a landmark study in the peer-reviewed journal Science pertaining specifically to the causes of species decline. The number one culprit, by far, is habitat destruction. This is rather dangerous in regards to our surrounding ecology. Pimm’s publication describes the current plight of flora and fauna around the planet. Pimm notes...

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IT’S PRACTICALLY IMPOSSIBLE TO DEFINE GMO’S...

Dec 31, 2015 Posted by

[Translate] Shutterstock WTF is a GMO? By Nathanael Johnson   GRIST Debates rage over what to do about genetically modified organisms, but we rarely stop to ask a more basic question: DoGMOs really exist? It’s an important question, because no one in this debate can tell you precisely what aGMO is. I’ve come to the conclusion that “GMO” is a cultural construct. It’s a metaphor we use to talk about a set of ideas. It doesn’t map neatly onto any clear category in the physical world.GMOs, like other cultural constructs — think of gender, or race — do have a basis in reality, of course: We can roughly define “male” or “Asian,” but when we try to regulate these divisions, all kinds of problems crop up. And definitions of “GMOs” are much messier — “nerd” might be a roughly...

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