HOW MELTING GIANT ICEBERGS MAY HELP SLOW CLIMATE CHANGE (JUST A LITTLE) WHO KNEW?...

Jan 21, 2016 Posted by

[Translate] Jacqueline Howard Associate Science Editor, The Huffington Post Eastcott Momatiuk via Getty Images Water dripping off of icebergs in the Antarctic Ocean contains nutrients for phytoplankton, which can help absorb carbon dioxide. Melting icebergs may be fighting against the very forces that cause them to melt, a new study suggests. Water dripping off icebergs and into the Antarctic Ocean, also known as the Southern Ocean, contains iron and other nutrients, according to research published Monday in the journal Nature Geoscience. These nutrients fertilize phytoplankton, the microscopic marine life that plays a key role in oceanic ecosystems, and help the tiny plants absorb carbon dioxide in the atmosphere as they grow into plumes. In other words, there might be even more carbon dioxide in our atmosphere if it weren’t for the help of phytoplankton, said Dr. Grant Bigg,...

read more

THERE IS SOMETHING ODD AND OMINOUS AFOOT IN GREENLAND. DID A HUGE MELT WATER PULSE OCCUR ON 1-16-16?...

Jan 19, 2016 Posted by

[Translate]   By Pakalolo  DAILY KOS   RSS REBLOGGED BY Climate Change SOS After the last ice age, glacial melt caused sea levels to rise rapidly by 120 meters. Large expanses of land that were once migratory paths and habitations for prehistoric civilizations gradually submerged through a series of catastrophic floods and mega-tsunami. (Meltwater Pulse 1A and 2B are discussed in the video at the bottom of this story.) If this event in Greenland is the start of another Meltwater Pulse we are effed. From Robert Scribbler. The remnants of hurricane Alex were pulled into a storm system just south of Greenland on Friday January 15, 2016. An event that then flooded both Baffin Bay and Western Greenland with warm, tropical air. At the same time, Greenland observers both noted what appears to be ice mass losses over...

read more

SCIENTISTS DISCOVER THAT MELTING GLACIERS ARE SLOWING DOWN THE EARTH’S ROTATION...

Jan 10, 2016 Posted by

[Translate] by Katie Medlock    INHABITAT As climate change continues to affect the planet, rising sea levels are just one of the visible consequences. NASA has predicted a one meter rise worldwide in the next few centuries, which is disastrous for coastal communities – but that’s not all. Scientists studying the Earth’s core recently announced that changing sea levels are actually slowing down the Earth’s rotation. A study published in Science Advances this month investigated different contributors to both rising sea levels and a slowing down of the Earth’s rotation. It turns out that, over the past 3000 years, the Earth’s core has been speeding up while the mantle-crust (where we live) has been slowing down. One mechanism at play is the melting of our planet’s glaciers: as the polar water melts it is drawn...

read more

10 OF THE MOST AMAZING SCIENCE STORIES OF 2015 (VIDEO)...

Jan 9, 2016 Posted by

[Translate] News & Politics Thousands of science stories have caught our attention in 2015, not all of them as groundbreaking (or credible) as these. By Lucy Goodchild Van Hilten / The Canary   VIA ALTERNET In 2015 we read about exploring the solar system, visiting comets and discovering sub-atomic particles. How scientists edited genomes, discovered a new human ancestor and figured out how to grow vocal cords from scratch. And we watched as world leaders tried to come to an agreement on how to halt climate change. Some of the year’s biggest Google searches were science-related, with more than 10 million searches for water on Mars in October and 13 million for COP21 in November. And Google’s most searched “who is” this year was “who is Lucy the Australopithecus?” Thousands of science stories have caught...

read more

EARTH IS EXPERIENCING A GLOBAL WARMING SPURT,...

Jan 6, 2016 Posted by

[Translate] Environment The much slower-moving cycle of the Pacific Ocean has been playing a role in record-breaking warmth. By John Upton / Climate Central   VIA ALTERNET Cyclical changes in the Pacific Ocean have thrown Earth’s surface into what may be an unprecedented warming spurt, following a global warming slowdown that lasted about 15 years. While El Niño is being blamed for an outbreak of floods, storms and unseasonable temperatures across the planet, a much slower-moving cycle of the Pacific Ocean has also been playing a role in record-breaking warmth. The recent effects of both ocean cycles are being amplified by climate change. High temperatures are bleaching corals, such as this bent sea rod off Florida. (image: U.S. Geological Survey/Flickr) A 2014 flip was detected in the sluggish and elusive ocean cycle known as the Pacific Decadal Oscillation,...

read more

A WILD LIBERTY: THE SIXTH MASS EXTINCTION...

Jan 2, 2016 Posted by

[Translate]   By Grant A. Mincy, Center for a Stateless Society | Op-Ed   (Photo: Deforestation via Shutterstock) The Sixth Mass Extinction Of all the complex, wicked problems addressed by the current environmental movement, perhaps the most urgent is the rarely discussed mass extinction. We are currently experiencing Earth’s sixth great mass extinction crisis — on par with the rate that ended the reign of the dinosaurs, thus terminating the Mesozoic. Stuart Pimm of Duke University, a recognized expert in the field of conservation biology, has published a landmark study in the peer-reviewed journal Science pertaining specifically to the causes of species decline. The number one culprit, by far, is habitat destruction. This is rather dangerous in regards to our surrounding ecology. Pimm’s publication describes the current plight of flora and fauna around the planet. Pimm notes...

read more

IT’S PRACTICALLY IMPOSSIBLE TO DEFINE GMO’S...

Dec 31, 2015 Posted by

[Translate] Shutterstock WTF is a GMO? By Nathanael Johnson   GRIST Debates rage over what to do about genetically modified organisms, but we rarely stop to ask a more basic question: DoGMOs really exist? It’s an important question, because no one in this debate can tell you precisely what aGMO is. I’ve come to the conclusion that “GMO” is a cultural construct. It’s a metaphor we use to talk about a set of ideas. It doesn’t map neatly onto any clear category in the physical world.GMOs, like other cultural constructs — think of gender, or race — do have a basis in reality, of course: We can roughly define “male” or “Asian,” but when we try to regulate these divisions, all kinds of problems crop up. And definitions of “GMOs” are much messier — “nerd” might be a roughly...

read more

THE MISSISSIPPI RIVER IS ABOUT TO HAVE A RECORD FLOOD OUT OF SEASON...

Dec 30, 2015 Posted by

[Translate] Tech & Science By Zoë Schlanger On 12/29/15 at 6:21 PM Volunteers stack sandbags on the banks of the River Des Peres on December 29, 2015 in St. Louis, Missouri. The St. Louis area and surrounding region are bracing for record flood crests of the Mississippi, Missouri and Meramec Rivers after days of record rainfall. Michael B. Thomas/Getty Tech & Science The Mississippi River is flooding in a big way right now, at the wrong time of year, and is forecasted to match or break 22-year-old crest records over the next few days. Meteorologists are calling it “insane.” Over the next three to four days, the Mississippi is predicted to reach a crest height of 49.7 feet at Chester, Illinois, one of several locations where the National Weather Service records data about the river. As...

read more

SCIENTISTS COMBINE COAL WASTE AND ALGAE TO CREATE A NEW SUPER-CLEAN FUEL...

Dec 21, 2015 Posted by

[Translate]   by Cat DiStasio   INHABITAT Scientists have discovered a new, clean-burning fuel made from unlikely ingredients: coal dust and algae. Coalgae is easy to produce, low in cost, burns without smoke, and researchers believe it can be make a major dent in crude oil imports. It also provides a market for reusing the 50-million to 60-million tonnes of coal dust produced annually as a byproduct of the coal mining industry. This discovery has the potential to save South Africa up to 40 percent of its crude oil imports. Ben Zeelie and his team at Nelson Mandela Metropolitan University (NMMU) developed a method for producing clean-burning briquettes made from coal dust, which is a waste product of the coal mining industry, and algae. Some 30 percent or so of coal is lost as dust,...

read more

On Thin Ice: Big Northern Lakes Are Being Rapidly Transformed...

Dec 20, 2015 Posted by

[Translate] As temperatures rise, northern lakes are undergoing major changes that include swiftly warming waters, diminished ice cover, and outbreaks of harmful algae. By Cheryl Katz / Yale Environment 360   VIA ALTERNET The first drops of icicles on a frozen Lake Baikal. Endless ice desert with ice hummocks Photo Credit: Katvic For more than 25 million years, Lake Baikal has cut an immense arc from southern Siberia to the Mongolian border. The length of Florida and nearly the depth of the Grand Canyon, Baikal is the deepest, largest in volume, and most ancient freshwater lake in the world, holding one-fifth of the planet’s above-ground drinking supply. It’s a Noah’s Ark of biodiversity, home to myriad species found nowhere else on earth. It’s also changing Baikal’s surface waters are warming at an accelerating pace, rising at least...

read more

7 SCIENTIFIC BREAKTHROUGHS THIS YEAR THAT PROVE WE’RE ALREADY LIVING IN THE FUTURE...

Dec 18, 2015 Posted by

[Translate] Health by Laurel RaymondTHINK PROGRESS CREDIT: Shutterstock Ok, I admit, this type of cyborg is still mostly science fiction.   The 2016 spending bill is a welcome reversal for United States science after a decade of cuts, boosting the budgets of U.S. science agencies across the board. But the good news comes after years of fighting over funding that put the future of U.S. innovation at risk. Earlier this year, the House Science Committee fought to slash NASA’s funding by $300 million. Last year, National Institutes of Health (NIH) director Francis Collins said the agency was forced to reject half of the promising research proposals they received because of budgetary concerns. Two years ago, the U.S. budget sequester slashed funding for science across the board. This trend stretches back years. Though the United...

read more

On the News With Thom Hartmann: Climate Change Could Push Millions More Into Extreme Poverty, and More...

Nov 17, 2015 Posted by

[Translate]   By Thom Hartmann, The Thom Hartmann Program | Video Report In today’s On the News segment: If we don’t strengthen our fight against climate change, 100 million more people may be pushed into extreme poverty within the next 15 years; a little change can go a long way when it comes to improving our health; the FDA has acknowledged the danger of pumping our livestock full of antibiotics, but they haven’t done a thing to ban the practice; and more. See more news and opinion from Thom Hartmann at Truthout here. TRANSCRIPT: Thom Hartmann here – on the best of the rest of….science & green news….. You need to know this. If we don’t strengthen our fight against climate change, 100 million more people may be pushed into extreme poverty within the...

read more

NATURE AND TECHNOLOGY ARE MERGING, WHAT DOES THAT MEAN FOR SUSTAINABILITY...

Nov 6, 2015 Posted by

[Translate] Industrial Evolution By Suzanne Jacobs  GRIST The 21st century will challenge everything we think we know about nature and technology. Thanks to new tools and swift advances in our ability to read, write, and edit DNA, we’re gaining a much deeper understanding of — and control over — how life works. Scientists are cataloguing the trillions of microbes living in and around us that we depend on, while so-called synthetic biologists are engineering new ones to do and make things for us. (One day in the not-too-distant future, we may master more complex organisms, too.) The more we learn, the more we’ll be able to use biology as a tool to, say, treat diseases, improve agricultural yields, even develop new kinds of cosmetics. At the same time, our machines are becoming more biological....

read more

CLIMATE CHANGE WILL STRESS OUT PLANTS. THESE SCIENTISTS THINK THEY HAVE A SOLUTION...

Nov 6, 2015 Posted by

[Translate] Rusty Rodriguez and Regina Redman Industrial Evolution By Suzanne Jacobs   GRIST Just east of the University of Washington campus, along a busy thoroughfare, behind a rundown strip of retail space, up a flight of rusty stairs, there’s a glass door. Inside, past a cramped office overflowing with books, a couple of computers, and a bare-bones kitchen, there’s a lab.This, a hole in the wall on the north edge of Seattle, is where plants go to get superpowers. And by superpowers, I mean a fungal infection. But trust me — this is like the radioactive spider bite of fungal infections. It all started more than 15 years ago, when Rusty Rodriguez and Regina Redman, a husband-and-wife team of biologists, went to Yellowstone National Park to study the microbes living in hot geothermal soils. They wanted...

read more

ACCORDING TO BIOMIMICRY, THE SOLUTIONS TO OUR MOST PRESSING PROBLEMS MAY ALREADY EXIST AROUND US...

Nov 4, 2015 Posted by

[Translate] Leila Conners    HUFFINGTON POST GREENFounder and President of Tree Media Group https://youtu.be/sf4oW8OtaPY In a world that is constantly confronted with catastrophic news, there comes an idea that lifts us up, an idea so powerfully inspirational that it shifts whole paradigms of thinking and approach. This idea has been around for over a decade in its current form, and, actually, has been around for billions of years. It is called “biomimicry,” but that word is really another word for nature.Biomimicry is a new discipline that looks to nature to solve design and engineering problems. Formulated by Janine Benyus of the Biomimicry Institute, the thinking goes like this: Life’s been on Earth for 3.8 billion years, and in that time life has learned what works, and what’s appropriate here and what lasts here. And,...

read more

HOW WASHINGTON TRANSFORMED ITS DYING OYSTER INDUSTRY INTO A CLIMATE SUCCESS STORY...

Oct 29, 2015 Posted by

[Translate] by Natasha Geiling CLIMATE PROGRESS CREDIT: Wikimedia Netarts Bay, in Oregon, where Whiskey Creek Shellfish Hatchery is located.   When Alan Barton first arrived at Whiskey Creek Shellfish Hatchery in 2007, he wasn’t expecting to stay very long. The hatchery — the second-largest in the United States — was in trouble, suffering from historically high mortality rates for their microscopic oyster larvae. But Barton knew that in the oyster industry, trouble is just another part of the job. As manager of the oyster breeding program at Oregon State University, he had already helped one oyster larvae breeding operation navigate through some tough years in 2005, when a bacterial infection appeared to be causing problems for their seeds. To combat the issue, he had created a treatment system that could remove vibrio tubiashii, an...

read more

Buckle Up: Scientists Warn of Dozens of Global Warming Tipping Points That Could Trigger Natural Disasters...

Oct 27, 2015 Posted by

[Translate] Environment Rising surface temperatures due to climate change could ultimately rearrange the planet’s ecosystems. By Reynard Loki / AlterNet Photo Credit: sakepaint/Shutterstock.com Rising surface temperatures due to climate change could have grave consequences for human life. An international group of scientists has pinpointed 41 specific places around the globe where abrupt temperature changes could trigger natural disasters affecting ocean currents, sea ice, snow cover, tundra permafrost and terrestrial biosphere. The scientists cite environmental neglect and over-exploitation of the Earth’s resources as the main contributing factors. These “global warming tipping points” include regions that host critical elements of Earth’s planetary system, such as the Amazon forest and the Tibetan plateau. While none of the areas implicated in the study are located near any major cities, the potential impact to the planet could still be grave,...

read more

HOW TO SAVE THE PERSIAN GULF’S DYING CORAL REEFS...

Oct 25, 2015 Posted by

[Translate] Rampant development has killed off 70 percent of the region’s life-giving reefs. The Palm Jumeirah development in Dubai, United Arab Emirates. (Photo: Matthias Seifer/Reuters) TAKE PART DAILY Richard Conniff is the author of The Species Seekers: Heroes, Fools, and the Mad Pursuit of Life on Earth and other books.   If you want to see the rapid and disastrous effects of ignoring environmental science, it would be hard to find a more discouraging example than the Persian Gulf. It’s a small, shallow, salty body of water, bottled up at its southern end by the 29-mile-wide Straits of Hormuz, and researchers have been warning for more than 30 years about the inevitable consequences of careless development. Those warnings have gone almost entirely unheeded as the eight oil-rich nations bordering the Gulf have rushed to...

read more

THESE SPECIES SURVIVED THE LAST ICE AGE BUT COULDN’T SURVIVE PEOPLE...

Oct 24, 2015 Posted by

[Translate] Chip Gallent By Suzanne Jacobs   GRIST Screw Myers and Briggs. I’ve got a new personality test for you. Read the following statement and choose the response that most accurately depicts how it makes you feel: Statement: Ten thousand years ago, 22 species of birds, reptiles, and mammals on the Bahamian island of Abaco miraculously survived the rising seas and shifting climate at the end of the last ice age. Then, 1,000 years ago, humans showed up and took them out like trash on pick-up day. Responses: A) Damn right! Humans are and forever will be the masters of this planet. B) Humans are everything that’s wrong with this world, and the sooner we die off, the better. C) Interesting … I wonder why this happened and what it means for species now dealing with both humans and climate change. Now,...

read more

POPCORN, CLIMATE CHANGE, AND CRAZY WEATHER: WATCH THIS NEAT SCIENCE EXPLANATION...

Oct 22, 2015 Posted by

[Translate] By Kate Yoder   GRIST What do extreme weather events and popcorn have in common? For one, they tend to pop up more often when we turn up the heat. Climate scientist Adam Levy, better known as Climate Adam, explains the connection between climate change and extreme weather in a quirky video, where he puts on a dress and goes on a hot date … with himself. Mid-date, he embarks on an experiment, microwaving two batches of popcorn kernels on different heat settings. To no one’s surprise, more kernels pop on high heat — and the “date” doesn’t end well. “Of course, we can’t say which particular pops were caused by the extra heat and which would have popped either way,” Levy explains. “But we can say that the extra heat made popping more likely.” The...

read more

POLITICAL CANDIDATES SHOULD UNDERSTAND SCIENCE...

Oct 10, 2015 Posted by

[Translate] by Natasha Geiling THINK PROGRESS CREDIT: Shutterstock   When it comes to climate change, many politicians who reject mainstream climate science often claim, “I’m not a scientist.” According to a new poll, the majority of Americans are responding to that by saying, “Well, maybe you should be.” In a public opinion poll commissioned by Research!America and ScienceDebate.org and conducted by Zogby Analytics, 87 percent of Americans said that they think candidates running for Congress or president should have a basic understanding of the science that informs public policy decisions. That opinion holds true across the political spectrum, with 92 percent of Democrats, 90 percent of Republicans, and 79 percent of Independents saying that it’s important to them that candidates have a baseline understanding of science. “Evidence from science is the great equalizer in...

read more

Welcome to a New Planet: Climate Change ‘Tipping Points’ and the Fate of the Earth...

Oct 9, 2015 Posted by

[Translate] Environment Climate scientists have begun to note early indicators of possible catastrophes. By Michael T. Klare / TomDispatch   VIA ALTERNET Photo Credit: gashgeron   Not so long ago, it was science fiction. Now, it’s hard science — and that should frighten us all. The latest reports from the prestigious and sober Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) make increasingly hair-raising reading, suggesting that the planet is approaching possible moments of irreversible damage in a fashion and at a speed that had not been anticipated. Scientists have long worried that climate change will not continue to advance in a “linear” fashion, with the planet getting a little bit hotter most years.  Instead, they fear, humanity could someday experience “non-linear” climate shifts (also known as “singularities” or “tipping points”) after which there would be sudden...

read more

THIS IS WHY THEY’RE DENIERS: THE SCIENCE THAT GOES DEEP INTO THE ANTI-CLIMATE-CHANGE BRAIN...

Oct 9, 2015 Posted by

[Translate] Climate change is obviously a real concern. So how do deniers close their minds to reality? A scientist explains Paul Rosenberg  SALON.COM (Credit: AP/Reuters/Joshua Lott/David Becker/Chris Keane/John Minchillo) Over the past two decades, the phenomenon of climate denial has come into focus almost as much as climate change itself. We’ve now reached the point where the Republican Party is virtually the only conservative party in the world that’s still playing ostrich when it comes to climate change. But is denialism alone enough to explain the psychological resistance to saving the planet? Canadian psychologist Robert Gifford, of the University of Victoria, doesn’t think so. In fact, he’s identified so many psychological barriers to action—what he calls “dragons of inaction”—that he’s organized them into seven main categories, or, if each dragon represents a “species,” seven...

read more

Secrets of the GOP Science War: How Spin-Masters and Pundits Confuse Conservatives About Facts...

Oct 4, 2015 Posted by

[Translate] Tea Party and the Right Conservatives have become much less trusting of science. A cynical right-wing campaign is behind that By Paul Rosenberg / Salon   VIA ALTERNET When scientists announced the discovery of water on Mars recently, Rush Limbaugh drew the obvious conclusion: It was all part of a conspiratorial plot: LIMBAUGH: If there was once all that water on Mars, and there is a lot of water here on earth, what’s going to happen to our ocean? How did the water vanish? My point is, they’re presenting all this stuff to you as fact just like they’re presenting everything involving global warming as scientific fact. It`s nothing but wild guesses. It’s nothing but based on computer models which is the result of data input that who knows if it’s legit or not....

read more

SUNDAY NIGHT’S “TOTAL SUPERMOON ECLIPSE” WILL BE AS STUNNING AS IT SOUNDS – BUT IT WON’T BE THE END OF THE WORLD...

Sep 25, 2015 Posted by

[Translate] The so-called “Blood Moon” will be a wonder — so long as you don’t think Jesus return will accompany it VIDEO Scott Eric Kaufman  SALON.COM   Sunday night’s “total supermoon lunar eclipse” will be as stunning as it sounds — but it won’t be the end of the world The sky on Sunday night and early Monday morning (September 27th-28th) will feature a so-called “total supermoon lunar eclipse,” two rare events that will be coinciding for the first time since 1982. A “supermoon” is simply the name for a full moon that coincides with its perigee, i.e. the closest point in its orbit with Earth. As the moon’s orbit is elliptical, its closest daily distance varies over the course of the year, which means so too does its appearance in the night’s sky....

read more

DIRECT BRAIN-TO-BRAIN CONNECTION TRANSMITS SIGNALS OVER THE INTERNET...

Sep 25, 2015 Posted by

[Translate] Greg Candelario FUTURISM In Brief These researchers have found a way to transmit brain signals from one person to another in order to guess the correct answers to a set of given questions. The Breakthrough Researchers at the University of Washington have experimented with a brain-to-brain connection which allowed pairs of participants to transmit answers to questions from one person to the other using their brain signals and the Internet. This experiment was done in darkened rooms within two of the university’s labs that are located a mile apart and involved five pairs that played 20 rounds of the question-and-answer game. The participants were able to provide the correct answers 72% of the time. The Implications Although the experiment did not produce perfect results, this breakthrough already has a lot of potential which...

read more

CLIMATE EXPERT JAMES HANSEN: “WE’VE GOT AN EMERGENCY”...

Sep 20, 2015 Posted by

[Translate]   By Anne Meador and John Zangas, DC Media Group | Report Dr. James Hansen, a grandparent himself, was the keynote speaker at Grandparents Climate Action Day, September 9, 2015, an event to mobilize elder activists and promote a policy agenda aimed at reducing greenhouse gas emissions. (Photo: Anne Meador) The repercussions of climate disruption are still not being acknowledged fully, warned climatologist Dr. James Hansen, addressing an audience of Baby Boomer and Greatest Generation climate activists on September 9. “We’ve now got an emergency,” he told about 150 “elder activists” at Calvary Baptist Church in Washington, DC, who were participating in Grandparents Climate Action Day. Hansen – formerly NASA’s head climate scientist, now Adjunct Professor at Columbia University – is probably best known for bringing definitive evidence of global warming to Congress...

read more

SOUTHERN OCEAN STARTS TO SOAK UP CARBON AGAIN...

Sep 15, 2015 Posted by

[Translate]   By Tim Radford, Climate News Network  VIA TRUTHDIG     A research vessel plows through the waves of the Southern Ocean, also known as the Antarctic Ocean, to measure levels of dissolved carbon dioxide. (Nicolas Metzl, LOCEAN/IPSL Laboratory) This Creative Commons-licensed piece first appeared at Climate News Network. LONDON—The high seas have begun to respond again to the changes in the atmosphere, with two new studies confirming that the Southern Ocean is absorbing more atmospheric carbon. Levels of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere have been steadily increasing as humans burn ever more fossil fuels, but climate scientists will probably hesitate before exhaling sighs of relief over the latest findings. Rising CO2 in the atmosphere means global warming, which means climate change, melting ice caps, rising sea levels—and even more global warming and...

read more

IS IT TIME TO PUT SCIENTISTS IN THE WITNESS PROTECTION PROGRAM...

Sep 14, 2015 Posted by

[Translate] Jeremy Deaton Karen McCormick NEXUS MEDIA Photo: NASA We tend to think of science and politics as existing in two separate spheres. Occasionally they intersect, like when a scientist shows up to Congress to deliver testimony or a politician blocks funding for the some vital research. But mostly they operate independently, right? Wrong. According to a study published last month in Global Environmental Change, the politics of climate denial has poisoned the waters of the scientific community, transforming the way that climatologists talk and even think about their own research. Facing “constant, and sometimes toxic, public challenges,” scientists overemphasize uncertainty while downplaying the risks of climate change. “We all lose when scientists self-censor due to continued harassment.” The study identifies several reasons for this response, but one in particular stands out: the looming...

read more