AIR POLLUTION KILLS MORE PEOPLE THAN MALNUTRITION AND UNSAFE SEX, SCIENTISTS SAY...

Feb 14, 2016 Posted by

[Translate] by Alejandro Davila Fragoso CLIMATE PROGRESS CREDIT: AP Photo/Luis M. Alvarez   When Cecilia Salas sees fumes of agricultural burning rising in the horizon, she knows it will be a bad day for her son. Gabriel, 16, has suffered from serious respiratory problems like asthma for about a decade, Salas told ThinkProgress, and little has changed since he was first taken to a hospital. “His condition hasn’t improved,” she said in Spanish. What at first was a simple cough became a heavy burden for Salas, 48, and her son, who every day takes various medications to keep his lungs working correctly. But Gabriel’s respiratory problems are stubborn, and even with medication he constantly suffers from painful shortness of breath. “You know how in commercials they sometimes show a fish out of the water?...

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MAP SHOWS HOW MICHIGAN’S LEAD PROBLEM EXTENDS FAR BEYOND THE FLINT WATER CRISIS...

Jan 24, 2016 Posted by

[Translate] iStockphoto By Aura Bogado THINK PROGRESS Flint is Michigan’s poster child for environmental disaster — a crisis that could have been avoided. As my colleague Raven Rakia has pointed out, lead exposure, which causes an array of health problems and is especially bad for children, is completely preventable. But that doesn’t mean that those responsible for public health do their jobs. In Flint, a city that’s nearly 60 percent black and where more than 42 percent of residents live below the poverty line, officials switched to a cheaper water source. That source was cheaper for a reason: The water was polluted and corrosive. So it leached lead from the old pipes when they piped it in. That burdened local residents with water that’s been making them sick for more than a year. But high levels...

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MAJORITY JOIN MUSK AND HAWKING IN CALL TO BAN AUTONOMOUS WEAPONS...

Jan 22, 2016 Posted by

[Translate] FUTURISM In Brief An international survey conducted by the Open Roboethics initiative showed that a majority of people are against autonomous weapons, and also remotely controlled weapons like drones. The Survey There is a difference between technology that is controlled completely by human hands (such as drones, which are driven and discharged by human eyes) and intelligent robots that make their own decisions in relation to targets. The latter, many feel, should not be supported or even tolerated. Bans on the military robots that are capable of such autonomy were recently called for in a letter posted by the Future of Life Institute, which was signed by such notable individuals as Stephen Hawking, theoretical physicist; Elon Musk, founder of Tesla motors; Daniel Dennett, cognitive scientist; Steve Wozniak, Apple cofounder; and Demis Hassabis, Google DeepMind...

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THIS IS WHAT HAPPENS TO HUMANS WHEN THEY ARE EXPOSED TO TOO MUCH LEAD...

Jan 21, 2016 Posted by

[Translate] by Adrienne VarkianiCLIMATE PROGRESS CREDIT: AP Photo/Paul Sancya Genetha Campbell carries free water being distributed at the Lincoln Park United Methodist Church in Flint, Mich, February 3, 2015.   In his State of the State address Tuesday night, Michigan Gov. Rick Snyder apologized for his handling of the Flint water crisis, which has left tens of thousands of residents without drinkable water. “To you, the people of Flint, I say tonight as I have before, I’m sorry and I will fix it,” Snyder said near the beginning of his speech. “Government failed you at the federal, state and local level.” But an apology doesn’t change the health effects that Flint residents are seeing as a result of the elevated levels of lead in their water — effects they may continue to see far...

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4 of the Most Commonly Prescribed Drugs That May Be a Lot More Risky Than Pharma Is Letting On...

Jan 18, 2016 Posted by

[Translate] The AMA is debating whether direct-to-consumer advertising should be banned. By Martha Rosenberg / AlterNet Photo Credit: Shutterstock.com They are so common no one thinks twice about them: drug ads that tell you about a disease you might have, a pill that could treat it, and tell you to “ask your doctor” if the pill is right for you. Until 1997, such direct-to-consumer ads did not exist because without a doctor’s recommendation, how could people know if the medication was appropriate or safe? The only thing people knew about drugs and drug risks was from ads they peeked at in medical journals at the doctor’s office. But after the ads started in 1997, the allergy pill Claritin became a household word, along with Xenical, Meridia, Propecia, Paxil, Prozac, Vioxx, Viagra, Singulair, Nasonex, Allegra,...

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THERE IS NO PLANET B: WE’RE NOT COLONIZING THE MILKY WAY ANY TIME SOON...

Jan 17, 2016 Posted by

[Translate] Jenny McCarthy arrives at the American Music Awards at the Microsoft Theater on Sunday, Nov. 22, 2015, in Los Angeles. (Photo by Jordan Strauss/Invision/AP) Forget what you saw in “Interstellar.” The odds of our successfully relocating to another planet are virtually nil Kim Stanley Robinson, Scientific American   There is no planet B: We’re not colonizing the Milky Way any time soon This article was originally published by Scientific American. The idea that humans will eventually travel to and inhabit other parts of our galaxy was well expressed by the early Russian rocket scientist Konstantin Tsiolkovsky, who wrote, “Earth is humanity’s cradle, but you’re not meant to stay in your cradle forever.” Since then the idea has been a staple of science fiction, and thus become part of a consensus image of humanity’s...

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“IT SCARED EVERYBODY”: HOW JENNY MC CARTHY AND ANTI-VAXERS HELPED AUTISM AWARENESS...

Jan 17, 2016 Posted by

[Translate] Salon talks to the co-author of “In a Different Key” about autism history and the silver lining of controversy Scott Timberg  SALON.COM   (Credit: AP/Jordan Strauss) Autism has been in the news so much over the last few years that it’s amazing to think that a bit more than 80 years ago, it didn’t exist. Or rather, it didn’t have a name or identity of any kind. That changed when a Mississippi boy named Donald Tripplett took a train to Baltimore to meet the child psychiatrist Leo Kanner. Between then and now, autism has become better known and understood. Recent years have also seen a fascination with people who are “on the spectrum” and their mathematical and musical abilities (see this new Atlantic story). But there have also been strange episodes along the...

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HEALTH IS WHERE THE HOME IS

Jan 16, 2016 Posted by

[Translate]   By Susan Sered, Susan Sered’s Blog | Op-Ed VIA TRUTHOUT Maybe it’s because of the bitterly cold temperatures at night this week, or maybe it’s my own visceral response to overdosing on television shows with happy family Christmas scenes and neighborhood holiday lighting competitions, but I’ve been giving a lot of thought recently to how housing and homes impact health. About a decade ago I traveled to the Mississippi Delta, Texas’s Rio Grande Valley, south-central Illinois, the mountains of northern Idaho and the cities of eastern Massachusetts to speak with individuals and families scraping by without health insurance. Most of these people worked in construction, retail, agricultural or service jobs. The details varied, but across the country I heard about spiraling poor health, declining employability and growing poverty. In 2015 I made...

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Shocker: Govt. Scientists Admit They Deceived the Public About Fracking’s Impact on Drinking Water...

Jan 13, 2016 Posted by

[Translate] There will be heavy pressure to revise the EPA’s conclusion — and the oil and gas industry will have major egg on its face. By Justin Gardner / The Free Thought Project  VIA ALTERNET Five years ago, the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) was commissioned by Congress to undertake a study on the impacts of hydraulic fracturing (fracking) on drinking water. This newer method of oil and gas extraction involves the pumping of highly pressurized water, sand and chemicals into underground rock formations. Fracking has driven the boom in U.S. oil production and contributed to the steep drop in gasoline prices, but the environmental impacts of this relatively new technique are not well understood. The EPA’s draft study—released in June to solicit input from advisers and the public—found  that fracking has already contaminated drinking...

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On the News With Thom Hartmann: The FDA Has Only Banned Three Chemicals Out of Nearly 100 Known to Cause Health Risks, and More...

Jan 12, 2016 Posted by

[Translate]   By Thom Hartmann, The Thom Hartmann Program | Video Report In today’s On the News segment: There are nearly 100 chemicals used in food processing and packaging that pose a serious health risk, but the FDA is only banning three of these type of chemicals, which are no longer even in use; Greenland is losing about 8,000 tons of ice sheet every second; Germany just opened a superhighway that is only open to bikes; and more. See more news and opinion from Thom Hartmann at Truthout here. TRANSCRIPT: Thom Hartmann here – on the best of the rest of…. Science and green news…. You need to know this. There is a massive methane leak in California that you may not even know about. Since mid-October, a broken pipe located 8,000 feet below...

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APP REVEALS THE SUGAR CONTENT OF 75,000+ PRODUCTS WITH A SIMPLE BARCODE SCANE...

Jan 11, 2016 Posted by

[Translate]   BY MARNI FOGELSON-TEEL – INHABITAT Sugar is in basically every food and beverage these days, from obvious culprits like processed sweets to seemingly healthier treats like yogurts and even condiments. Public Health England, part of the Untied Kingdom’s Department of Health estimates that young children are eating three times more than the recommended sugar limit (which, by the way, is about the equivalent to one juice box for tots). To reduce this consumption and simply build consumer awareness of sugar, the organization launched their Change 4 Life campaign, which includes the new Sugar Smart app. Parents simply download the free app and scan the barcode of one of more than 75,000 products to reveal just how much sugar is lurking inside. The app also offers tips and hints for cutting down on...

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6 CITIES DESIGNING FOR HEALTH

Jan 11, 2016 Posted by

[Translate]   From Detroit to Edinburgh, these cities are helping residents live more healthful and equitable lives. Anna Clark YES MAGAZINE Houston Photo from Shutterstock. Restore the bayous for connection While long dependent on the oil and gas industry, Houston is increasingly investing in sustainability. The city’s $480 million Bayou Greenways Initiative, a massive public-private project, will connect 10 bayous and creeks across the city and its periphery. In the past, bayous were straightened out and paved over to control flooding. Now, Houston is bringing these low-lying rivers back to their natural life: slow, gleaming waterways full of fish and bordered by wildflowers, grasses, and native trees. The city is also adding 4,000 acres of new and equitably distributed green spaces that will improve water quality. And it’s providing an alternative to high-traffic streets...

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A TEMPORARY PLAYGROUND OFFERS “LIGHT THERAPY” IN WINTRY MONTREAL...

Jan 11, 2016 Posted by

[Translate] THE DIRT by Jared Green In winter in the northern hemisphere, night falls early. Way up north in Montreal, Canada, sunset comes as early as 4.30. To deal with the onset of winter doldrums, Montreal started Luminothérapie or “Light Therapy,” an innovative public art event that brings light, music, and fun to the streets. In the Place Des Festivals, the feature attraction of this year’s Luminothérapie is Impulse by landscape architecture firm Lateral Office, CS Design, and EGP Group, which features 30 giant, light-filled seesaws, backed by wall-projected video art. It’s a temporary “illuminated playground” for kids and adults.   Sitting on the ends of the seesaws and kicking off starts the LED light show and sounds. The intensity of the seesawing is reflected by the intensity of the light and tonality of...

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THERE’S A HUGE PROBLEM WITH THE NEW FOOD GUIDELINES THAT NO ONE IS TALKING ABOUT...

Jan 9, 2016 Posted by

[Translate] And it poses a big threat to health. —By Nick Stockton MOTHER JONES Climate change: It’s what’s for dinner. MaraZe/Shutterstock This story originally appeared in Wired and is reproduced here as part of the Climate Desk collaboration. Every five years, the government tries to tell Americans what to put in their bodies. Eat more vegetables. Dial back the fats. It’s all based on the best available science for leading a healthy life. But the best available science also has a lot to say about what those food choices do to the environment, and some researchers are peeved that new dietary recommendations released yesterday seem to utterly ignore that fact. Broadly, the 2016-2020 dietary recommendations aim for balance: More veggies, leaner meats, try some fish! Oh, and eat way less sugar, no more than...

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WITH TWICE THE PROTEIN AS QUINOA, THE PULSE MIGHT BE THE YEAR’S NEW HOT “SUPERFOOD”...

Jan 8, 2016 Posted by

[Translate] by Natasha Geiling CLIMATE PROGRESS CREDIT: Global Pulse Confederation Market in Makalle, Tigray, Ethiopia   Move over, quinoa, kale, and açaí– 2016’s newest superfood might come in a familiar package (or can). Pulses — the dried edible seeds of legume plants, which include things like lentils, dried peas, and beans — are hoping to get their moment in the spotlight, thanks in part to a United Nations campaign to make 2016 the International Year of Pulses. Pulses have twice the protein of quinoa and require just 1/10 the amount of water needed to produce beef. Pulses are already a well-known entity outside of the developed world — according to the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization, pulses make up nearly 75 percent of the average diet in developing countries. Nutritionally, pulses are a...

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GUINEA PIGS MAY HAVE A SECRET DEFENSE AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE...

Jan 7, 2016 Posted by

[Translate] Shutterstock By Kate Yoder   GRIST You might picture guinea pigs as sort of the Anne Geddes babies of the animal kingdom — sweet balls of fur perched in miniature tubs, playing with yarn, and frolicking atop piles of flowers. But you may not have guessed that these calendar-ready rodents could be resilient badasses when it comes to climate change. No surprise here, but guinea pigs (the epitome of test subjects) recently found themselves at the center of a study about climate change adaption. The results, from New Scientist: “For the first time, wild mammals have been seen responding to higher temperatures by altering chemical structures on their DNA.” More on the experiment from Nature World News: For the study, male wild guinea pigs were subjected to increasing temperatures at ten degree increments for a period of...

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DUPONT’S DEADLY DECEIT: THE DECADES LONG COVER-UP BEHIND THE “WORLD’S MOST SLIPPERY MATERIAL”...

Jan 6, 2016 Posted by

[Translate] For decades DuPont operated above the EPA and knowingly concealed the dangers of Teflon exposure Sharon Kelly, Earth Island Journal   Topics: Earth Island Journal, dupont, Teflon, Sustainability News, Working Ahead News, Social News, Business News, Life News, News, Politics News DuPont’s deadly deceit: The decades-long cover-up behind the “world’s most slippery material” This originally appeared on Earth Island Journal. Almost two decades ago, Carla Bartlett, a then 41-year -old West Virginia secretary and mother of two, was first diagnosed with cancer – what her surgeon later labeled a “garden variety” type of kidney cancer. “I was scared to death,” Bartlett, now 59, told an Ohio federal jury this fall during hearings in the first of more than 3,500 personal injury and wrongful death suits by West Virginia and Ohio residents against the...

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NEW LAW AIMS TO EXPOSE BIG PHARMA INFLUENCE ON PHYSICIANS...

Jan 6, 2016 Posted by

[Translate] by Rishma Parpia  NATIONAL VACCINE INFORMATION CENTER  | Law, Congress Story Highlights Financial relationships between physicians and drug companies have existed for decades. Ties between doctors and the pharmaceutical industry have raised conflicts of interest concerns. The Physicians Payment Sunshine Act has stirred controversy around conflict of interest policies. It is no secret that the medical field is heavily influenced by the pharmaceutical industry. For many decades, health care professionals and pharmaceutical companies have enjoyed cozy financial relationships.1 Pharmaceuticals continuously interact with medical doctors (MDs) and Doctors of Osteopathy (DOs), the two types of physicians who are licensed for prescribe drugs in the U.S. in order to persuade them to promote and prescribe drugs and vaccines to patients. Physicians are then compensated in many forms for promoting patient use of pharmaceutical products. Big Pharma...

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A WILD LIBERTY: THE SIXTH MASS EXTINCTION...

Jan 2, 2016 Posted by

[Translate]   By Grant A. Mincy, Center for a Stateless Society | Op-Ed   (Photo: Deforestation via Shutterstock) The Sixth Mass Extinction Of all the complex, wicked problems addressed by the current environmental movement, perhaps the most urgent is the rarely discussed mass extinction. We are currently experiencing Earth’s sixth great mass extinction crisis — on par with the rate that ended the reign of the dinosaurs, thus terminating the Mesozoic. Stuart Pimm of Duke University, a recognized expert in the field of conservation biology, has published a landmark study in the peer-reviewed journal Science pertaining specifically to the causes of species decline. The number one culprit, by far, is habitat destruction. This is rather dangerous in regards to our surrounding ecology. Pimm’s publication describes the current plight of flora and fauna around the planet. Pimm notes...

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WHY LIFE GOES FASTER AS YOU GROW OLDER...

Jan 1, 2016 Posted by

[Translate] Personal Health I’ve discovered three scientific theories that shine a little light on this mysterious experience. By Dharma Singh Khalsa, M.D. / Huffington Post  VIA ALTERNET Do you have the sense that life is speeding up the older you get? If so, you’re not alone. Can there be a reason for this perception? I’ve discovered three scientific theories that shine a little light on this mysterious experience. 1. The first is a phenomenon called “telescopy.” Telescopy is simply the underestimation of time. It’s as though you’re looking through a telescope where the details of what you see give you the impression that an object in the distance is much closer than it actually is. Because of telescopy, our brains recall distant events as if they occurred only yesterday. For example, at 67, I can’t believe...

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IT’S PRACTICALLY IMPOSSIBLE TO DEFINE GMO’S...

Dec 31, 2015 Posted by

[Translate] Shutterstock WTF is a GMO? By Nathanael Johnson   GRIST Debates rage over what to do about genetically modified organisms, but we rarely stop to ask a more basic question: DoGMOs really exist? It’s an important question, because no one in this debate can tell you precisely what aGMO is. I’ve come to the conclusion that “GMO” is a cultural construct. It’s a metaphor we use to talk about a set of ideas. It doesn’t map neatly onto any clear category in the physical world.GMOs, like other cultural constructs — think of gender, or race — do have a basis in reality, of course: We can roughly define “male” or “Asian,” but when we try to regulate these divisions, all kinds of problems crop up. And definitions of “GMOs” are much messier — “nerd” might be a roughly...

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THIS NEWS FROM FRANCE WILL HELP YOU UNDERSTAND JUST WHAT A REAL DEAL AMERICANS GET WITH HEALTHCARE...

Dec 29, 2015 Posted by

[Translate] By james321  DAILY KOS   French health care is almost as beautiful as this picture. Sometimes — ok, most of the time — we need to look outside our borders to understand just how rough working Americans have it when we talk social welfare. Well, I hope you are sitting down. Enter some good news for French people about “paying” for the doctor. French lawmakers on Thursday gave a final nod to a wide-ranging health care reform bill that will scrap upfront payments for doctors’ visits, despite months of protest from opposition parties and physicians dreading what some have called a “Soviet-style” system. What does this mean? Well, basically, at present French people pay €23 when they visit a primary care doctor and then get the majority of the payment refunded by the state, and...

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Headaches and Nosebleeds Reported as Months-Long Methane Leak Continues in Los Angeles (VIDEO)...

Dec 29, 2015 Posted by

[Translate] Environment Over 1,000 families have chosen to relocate and the school district recently authorized the two local schools to move out of the area. By Hilary Lewis / Earthworks  VIA ALTERNET Photo Credit: Lano Lan/Shutterstock Have you ever seen methane? What about benzene? Or the chemical the gas company adds to make your stovetop gas stink, mercaptan? I asked residents at a Save Porter Ranch meeting in northwest Los Angeles if they had seen the pollution they knew was in their community, pouring down from the SoCal Gas storage facility on the hill behind town. No one responded. For months now, methane pollution has been billowing from the breached facility into their community. Families have reported bad odors resulting in headaches and nosebleeds. Over 1,000 families have already chosen to relocate and the...

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9 Spices That May Save Your Life...

Dec 29, 2015 Posted by

[Translate] Personal Health Can cinnamon prevent diabetes? Just maybe. By Larry Schwartz / AlterNet   Photo Credit: Shutterstock.com If salt and pepper are all you are using to put some zip in your food, you are not only missing out on adding flavor to your meals, but maybe opportunities for a healthier, longer life. While spices may have begun as a way to enhance the taste of otherwise bland meats and vegetables (boiled mutton only went so far, we’re guessing), the ancients in China and the Far East used many of the spices medicinally for centuries. And it seems they were on to something. “There have been many recent studies validating the historic habit of using spices for health benefits,” Donna Tainter, author of Spices and Seasonings: A Food Technology Handbook, told the website SixWise.com. Modern science has indeed shown that many of...

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GREENBUILD GOES MAINSTREAM

Dec 27, 2015 Posted by

[Translate] It may be more challenging than anyone has supposed for Greenbuild to penetrate popular consciousness. Susan S. Szenasy  METROPOLIS MAGAZINE MSNBC’s Mika Brzezinski interviews director James Cameron at this year’s Greenbuild conference. Courtesy Greenbuild International Conference & Expo In November, I boarded Amtrak to head to Washington, D.C. Our capital city, boasting more monuments than any other in the country, apparently inspires Greenbuild, the annual conference of the United States Greenbuilding Council (USGBC), to make some monumental announcements. Much has been accomplished in the organization’s 23 years of environmental advocacy. But it may be best known for its LEED-rating programs, which consider construction and planning at all scales, asking architects, builders, and developers to pay attention to, among other things, water, energy, and health—all that our home planet, and the living creatures that inhabit...

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FROM HALIBURTON TO WALMART, THESE BIG CORPORATIONS WILL MAKE MONEY OFF OF CLIMATE CHANGE...

Dec 23, 2015 Posted by

[Translate] Shutterstock GRIST By Jeremy Schulman This story was originally published by Mother Jones and is reproduced here as part of the Climate Desk collaboration.Climate change will have some pretty terrifying consequences. Experts have predicted everything from deadly heatwaves and devastating floods to falling crop production and even increased political instability and violence. But according to some of the world’s biggest companies, these future disasters could also present lucrative business opportunities.In a remarkable series of documents submitted to a London-based nonprofit called CDP, big-name corporations describe global warming as a chance to sell more weapons systems to the military, more air conditioners to sweltering civilians, and more medications to people afflicted by tropical diseases. CDP, which stands for “Carbon Disclosure Project,” asks companies all over the world to disclose information about their greenhouse gas...

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THE MYSTICAL POWERS OF MUSHROOMS...

Dec 19, 2015 Posted by

[Translate] The Mystical Powers of Mushrooms Dr. David Suzuki |ECO WATCH Until 1969, biologists thought mushrooms and other fungi were plants. They’re actually more closely related to animals, but with enough differences that they inhabit their own distinct classification. This and more recent findings about these mysterious organisms illustrate how much we have yet to learn about the complexities of the natural world. New research reveals mushrooms can even help plants communicate, share nutrients and defend themselves against disease and pests.  There’s far more to mushrooms than the stems and caps that poke above ground. Photo credit: Shutterstock There’s far more to mushrooms than the stems and caps that poke above ground. Most of the organism is a mass of thin underground threads called mycelia. These filaments form networks that help plants, including trees, connect...

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Why You Might Not Want to Be Pregnant in Pennsylvania...

Dec 18, 2015 Posted by

[Translate] Environment Or anywhere else where fracking is prevalent. By Reynard Loki / AlterNet Photo Credit: Praisaeng/Shutterstock.com The health issues associated with fracking just keep piling up. The unconventional gas drilling method, officially known as hydraulic fracturing, not only damages the environment by injecting toxic chemicals into the ground, which poisons groundwater, interrupts natural water cycles, releases radon gas and causes earthquakes, but it has also been connected to numerous health conditions, including asthma, headaches, high blood pressure, anemia, neurological illness, heart attacks and cancer. But perhaps most heartbreaking is the effect that fracking may have on babies. Studies have linked fracking to increased infant mortality and low birth babies. Now researchers at the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health have found that expectant mothers who reside near active fracking sites in Pennsylvania...

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7 SCIENTIFIC BREAKTHROUGHS THIS YEAR THAT PROVE WE’RE ALREADY LIVING IN THE FUTURE...

Dec 18, 2015 Posted by

[Translate] Health by Laurel RaymondTHINK PROGRESS CREDIT: Shutterstock Ok, I admit, this type of cyborg is still mostly science fiction.   The 2016 spending bill is a welcome reversal for United States science after a decade of cuts, boosting the budgets of U.S. science agencies across the board. But the good news comes after years of fighting over funding that put the future of U.S. innovation at risk. Earlier this year, the House Science Committee fought to slash NASA’s funding by $300 million. Last year, National Institutes of Health (NIH) director Francis Collins said the agency was forced to reject half of the promising research proposals they received because of budgetary concerns. Two years ago, the U.S. budget sequester slashed funding for science across the board. This trend stretches back years. Though the United...

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WHY DO SOME PEOPLE CHOOSE OPPRESSIVE ENVIRONMENTS?...

Dec 15, 2015 Posted by

[Translate] Nikos A. Salingaros  METROPOLIS MAGAZINE A tall concave ceiling enhances activities taking place in this grand room, but few people consciously attribute the positive ambience to the geometry. Drawing by Nikos A. Salingaros ​The act of building, a man-made transformation of the natural environment is an imposition on nature, necessary for human habitation. The process of assembling architectural and urban form, along with its underlying geometry, can differ radically: either it is inspired by and sympathetic to natural processes, or it is deliberately opposed to them. The difference between natural and artificial is fundamental. Architecture and planning that use unnatural geometric methodologies will inevitably conflict with nature. Often, forms that rely upon visual innovation as their sole inspiration reap acclaim for their architects. Unfortunately, structures that conflict with the processes of nature are ultimately unsustainable. Traditional...

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