LANDSCAPE ARCHITECTURE IN THE NEWS HIGHLIGHTS (JANUARY 1 – 15)...

Jan 19, 2016 Posted by

[Translate] THE DIRT by J.R. Taylor Can a Professionally Designed Garden Add Value to Your Home? – The Huffington Post, 1/4/15 “This year marks the 300th anniversary of the birth of Capability Brown – the landscape architect renowned for designing over 170 country house estates and gardens during the 18th century. His elegant style of undulating parkland and serpentine lakes can still be seen at dozens of locations, including Blenheim Palace and Stowe.” See a Rooftop Garden in Brooklyn Inspired by the High Line – Architectural Digest, 1/6/15 “Few cities in the world have real estate as expensive as New York’s. For its millions of residents, the idea of certain amenities, such as a private garden—must be quickly abandoned. Yet one apartment building in Brooklyn’s trendy Dumbo neighborhood is creatively changing all of that.”...

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VIDEO: MEET THE ARCHITECT WHO BUILDS SOLAR HOMES FROM RECYCLED MATERIALS...

Dec 16, 2015 Posted by

[Translate] By Kate Yoder   GRIST In Taos, N.M., recycled tires are the building blocks for a community of radical, off-the-grid homes called “Earthships.”Meet their architect, Michael Reynolds. He’s the rugged, eccentric star of a seven-minute short film from The Atlantic, directed by Flora Lichtman and Katherine Wells for The Adaptors podcast, which gives us a snapshot of life in these captivating solar homes built from natural and recycled materials.Even though his architectural vision appears to be centered around the idea of sustainability, Reynolds isn’t your typical environmentalist. In the film, he says, “I’m so sick of recycling and sustainable and green and organic. They’re rhetoric things.” However, he doesn’t shy away from climate change — quite the contrary, in fact. “I’m not going to argue with the people dancing on the top level of the Titanic before...

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HEMP-BASED INSULATION MAKES A COMEBACK IN BELGIUM...

Oct 29, 2015 Posted by

[Translate] Hempcrete is actually quite similar to concrete, but is carbon negative, waterproof, fireproof, insulates well, and is completely recyclable, making it an optimal green building material. Architect Nikolaas Martens, one of the two co-founders of Martens Van Caimere Architecten, told Dezeen that hempcrete’s sustainable qualities make it an easy choice for home renovations. Related: Nation’s First Hemp House Makes A Healthy Statement “In our projects we try finding solutions to lower the building costs,” he told Dezeen. “In the 1950s, 60s and 70s, Belgians were building houses that were badly or not insulated. So renovating these houses in a sustainable way tends to be expensive. Hempcrete combines the insulation and finishing in one layer, reducing building costs.” “Plus,” he continued, “it is durable and sustainable, because it is made from a waste product.”...

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EXCLUSIVE: Elevated CO2 Levels Directly Affect Human Cognition, New Harvard Study Shows...

Oct 28, 2015 Posted by

[Translate] by Joe Romm CLIMATE PROGRESS CREDIT: Climate Interactive   In a landmark public health finding, a new study from the Harvard School of Public Health finds that carbon dioxide (CO2) has a direct and negative impact on human cognition and decision-making. These impacts have been observed at CO2 levels that most Americans — and their children — are routinely exposed to today inside classrooms, offices, homes, planes, and cars. Carbon dioxide levels are inevitably higher indoors than the baseline set by the outdoor air used for ventilation, a baseline that is rising at an accelerating rate thanks to human activity, especially the burning of fossil fuels. So this seminal research has equally great importance for climate policy, providing an entirely new public health impetus for keeping global CO2 levels as low as possible....

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BACA ARCHITECTS’ AMPHIBIOUS HOUSE PROTECTS INHABITANTS FROM FLOODING...

Oct 26, 2015 Posted by

[Translate] INHABITA  all images courtesy of baca architects       baca architects has completed the what is believed to be the UK’s first amphibious home, built along a picturesque stretch of the river thames. named ‘formosa’, the three-storey dwelling is located in a designated flood zone and can ascend up to 2.7 meters to cope with increasing water levels. as the river rises, a concrete dock below the structure gradually fills up, gently elevating the building. the three-storey dwelling is located in a designated flood zone and can rise up to 2.7 meters       as a result of the design’s buoyant properties, the floor level is set only 1 meter above the ground, rather than the more standard 2 meter deficit for static homes. despite being designed with minimal moving parts,...

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ARTIST FILLS THE VAULTS OF A DILAPIDATED 1924 BANK IN CHICAGO WITH BOOKS AND ARTWORK...

Oct 25, 2015 Posted by

[Translate] Architecture by Lidija Grozdanic   INHABITAT What happens when you fill bank vaults and offices with books and artwork instead of money? These pictures of the Stony Island Arts Bank in Chicago show a former bank now functioning as a vibrant destination for artists, scholars, curators and collectors. Renovated by non-profit Rebuild Foundation, the 1923 building is meant to function as a place where people can engage with South Side history. The 20,000-square-foot building was originally designed by William Gibbons Uffendell for a savings and loan banking institution. It has been closed for decades until artist Theaster Gates, founder of Rebuild Foundation, decided to restore it. He completely retrofitted the building and preserved some of the historical elements, such as the rusted vault and cracked plaster moldings. The 1923 building was converted into “a...

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GREEN BUILDING IN COLD CLIMATES...

Oct 22, 2015 Posted by

[Translate] Architecture Green Building in Cold Climates: Inhabitat Interview with Bernat and Kate of Maison Durable Portneuf by Catherine Winter-Hebert   INHABITAT Share on Facebook Pin Tweet+We’ve seen many examples of how well green buildings can work in temperate and warm climates, but what about the harsher conditions that can lash homes in rural Quebec? Inhabitat recently had the opportunity to interview Bernat Ferragut and Kate Alvo of Maison Durable Portneuf about the innovative techniques they used to create their eco-friendly, sustainable, elegant home in the woods of Portneuf, Quebec, and how they can help others do the same. INHABITAT: How did you get involved in this building project? It was complete chance that led us there, actually. While on a visit to the Portneuf region, we found a parcel of land that no one else wanted....

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NET ZERO INHOUSE BOASTS WATER-SMART SOLUTIONS ESSENTIAL FOR PARCHED CALIFORNIA...

Oct 11, 2015 Posted by

[Translate] Architecture by Lucy Wang  INHABITAT Stories of drought-stricken California have become sadly common, with many citizens forced to slash their water use so severely they’ve let their gardens die. Luckily, innovative architecture is proving that a water-conscious lifestyle doesn’t necessitate giving up your green thumb. Students at the California Polytechnic State University designed and built INhouse, a net-zero prototype home that’s powered by solar and integrates a smart water-recycling system that doesn’t use a drop of potable water to irrigate plants. Selected as a contender in the 2015 Solar Decathlon competition, INhouse was intelligently designed in response to the climate conditions of coastal California. The state’s hotter-than-usual temperatures inspired one of the most important features of the house: a constructed wetland system that collects all the greywater from the house before filtering and...

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STUDIO 102 TRANSFORMED AN ABANDONED HOUSE IN HANOI INTO A GROWING, GREEN OFFICE SPACE...

Oct 10, 2015 Posted by

[Translate] INHABITAT Architecture by Lidija Grozdanic  inhabitat Architecture firm Studio 102 transformed a vacant twin house in southwest Hanoi, Vietnam, into a living-working space that blurs the boundary between inside and outside. Commissioned by design and consulting firm Mein Garten, the architects managed to effectively reduce the building’s energy consumption and used reclaimed materials to cut the renovation costs. Mein Garten is a consulting and design firm that focuses on landscape architecture and horticulture. They were looking for an office space which would convey the company’s design attitude and provide a space closely connected to nature. They found a vacant twin house in Trung Hoa – Nhan Chinh New urban park and commissioned Studio 102 to come up with a renovation design. Portions of the walls were removed to facilitate a stronger connection between...

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SOLAR-POWERED DURA HOME IS A 100 per cent self-sufficient shelter build for disaster zones...

Oct 6, 2015 Posted by

[Translate] Architecture by Lucy Wang  INHABITAT Is your city well prepared for a natural disaster? After Hurricane Sandy devastated New York City, architects vowed to build smarter towards greater resiliency. One urban approach is the DURAhome, a modular net-zero structure that mitigates disaster damage with energy-efficient and adaptable design. Developed by the New York City College of Technology, the solar-powered DURAhome fits into a typical 25-by-100-foot New York City lot and can be quickly stacked to create a space-saving multistory dwelling in times of unexpected disasters. The New York City College of Technology (NYCCT) developed the DURAhome—Diverse, Urban, Resilient, and Adaptable—for the 2015 U.S. Department of Energy Solar Decathlon that’ll kick off this Thursday, October 8. Designed to symbolize the diversity of New York City and the NYCCT team members, the modular timber house...

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THE NEST HOME IS A SOLAR-POWERED PREFAB MADE FROM RECYCLED SHIPPING CONTAINERS...

Oct 6, 2015 Posted by

[Translate] The Nest Home was designed to accommodate a growing family. It offers both private and common spaces that can be easily expanded by adding more containers to the existing ones. Repurposed materials were used throughout the house, from wood siding made from reclaimed shipping pallets to carpeting made from reprocessed fishing nets and insulation made from recycled denim batting.   An array of 24 photovoltaic panels powers the house and an electric vehicle, with each panel containing a micro-inverter that transforms direct current to alternating current without the need for a centralized inverter. Automated windows support the HVAC system and help maintain optimal indoor temperatures. The lighting is also automated in order to save energy and detect when the house is empty. Residents can use three hydroponic gardens to produce fresh vegetables and...

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THIS GUY BUILT HIS OWN TINY HOME FOR LESS THAN $500 USING SALVAGED MATERIALS...

Sep 29, 2015 Posted by

[Translate] Michaael Kenned Hogan, INHABITAT   Everywhere you look these days, some high-end designer is coming up with a pricey way to put all kinds of luxury options into the tiniest of spaces. Some tiny homes available on the market cost more than a standard size home. But that’s not the way Scott Brown sees the tiny house movement. Rather than try and trick out a tiny space with granite countertops and fancy appliances, Brown went the old-fashioned route — and found a lot of recycled materials to incorporate into this tiny, low-cost home.   Using salvaged materials and a few gifted items — like a sweet woodstove — he built this little home for under $500. The home is only 83 square feet and sits on 20 acres of land that Brown’s friend...

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7,500 AFFORDABLE FLOATING HOMES COULD HELP FIGHT LONDON’S CRIPPLING HOUSING CRISIS...

Sep 29, 2015 Posted by

[Translate] by Lidija Grozdanic, INHABITAT These prefab floating houses are meant to populate disused spaces along 50 miles of waterways in London. Complemented by 150 hectares of “bluefield” space in the docklands and marinas, this conceptual design aims to bring 7,500 affordable homes to the British capital. The project was designed in collaboration between Baca Architects and Floating Homes Ltd and is among the 100 shortlisted entries at the New Ideas for Housing competition which addresses Greater London’s housing crisis. The entry, named “Buoyant Starts” aims to provide high-quality, prefab floating homes at an affordable price and engage the underused water spaces of the capital. The second concept called Innovation Licence focuses on providing one-off building permits for projects that don’t comply with London’s current planning policy. The architects claim that the Innovation Licence...

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MORE ENERGY EFFICIENT SKYSCRAPERS ARE BEING BUILT THAN EVER BEFORE. BUT THERE’S A CATCH.A...

Sep 17, 2015 Posted by

[Translate] re Being Built Than Ever Before. But There’s a Catch. Green building is a booming industry, but it’s still a small slice of the construction sector. —By Tim McDonnell  MOTHER JONES |   1 The Bank of America tower in Manhattan. Wikimedia Commons There was a time not so long ago when getting a LEED certification on a new building was a big deal, a relatively rare badge of architectural pride. LEED—which stands for Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design—is a suite of architectural metrics for things like energy and water conservation. These days, it’s the most common standard for designating a building as being environmentally friendly. As nationwide spending on green construction has soared, LEED certification has become almost par for the course. According to a new report from the US Green...

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THE WORLD’S LARGEST GREEN ROOF IN SILICON VALLEY...

Sep 9, 2015 Posted by

[Translate] 0 all images courtesy of the hills at vallco       uruguayan architect rafael viñoly has unveiled plans to build ‘the world’s largest green roof’ in cupertino, california. working alongside landscape architects OLIN, the mixed-use scheme — titled ‘the hills at vallco’ — will transform an existing shopping mall in a huge complex containing a host of amenities for the local community. the development is located at the heart of silicon valley       located at the heart of silicon valley, and positioned adjacent to apple’s ‘campus 2’, the vast $3 billion USD development includes a new neighborhood with a vibrant mix of retail outlets, offices and recreational spaces. above, the enormous green roof boasts an integrated 30-acre park accessible for residents and visitors alike. a 3.8 mile trail can be...

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BRAD PITT’S ‘MAKE IT RIGHT’ TO UNVEIL THEIR FIRST TINY HOUSE IN NEW ORLEANS...

Aug 23, 2015 Posted by

[Translate] by Charley Cameron, INHABITAT Make it Right, the non-profit founded by Brad Pitt to provide sustainable housing in New Orleans’ Lower 9th Ward in the wake of Hurricane Katrina, has just announced they are building their very first tiny house. The non-profit has partnered with FYI’s “Tiny House Nation” to build the 496 square foot, solar-powered LEED Platinum house for a local middle-school teacher, and will unveil the finished property in a “tiny house-warming ceremony” on August 28th, one day ahead of the 10th anniversary of the devastating storm and subsequent levee failure. Related: Brad Pitt’s Make it Right to build 20 LEED Platinum homes for Sioux and Assiniboine tribes in Montana The tiny house will be the 109th home that Make it Right has completed in the Lower 9th Ward, a neighborhood...

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America’s First Hemp House Pulls CO2 From the Air...

Aug 14, 2015 Posted by

[Translate] This beautiful eco-friendly home only costs $133 per square foot to build. By Amanda Froelich / True Activist   VIA ALTERNET   Hemp is making a major comeback around the world. In the US, five states have legalized the recreational use of cannabis, and hemp-based building materials are now gaining in popularity. The first house built in America with hemcrete was constructed in Asheville, North Carolina, and the 3,400 square foot Push House boasts a number of eco-friendly features. To create a solid – yet breathable – wall system, hemp hurds were mixed with lime and water on-site an poured in-between the exterior supporting studs in lift. As USA Today notes, Hempcrete is actually less like concrete and more like infill straw bale, as it is non-structural. The insulating quality is r-2.5 per inch, and it...

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PARASITIC POD HOMES ATTACH TO BUILDINGS TO PROVIDE ADDITIONAL HOUSING FOR HOMELESS...

Aug 1, 2015 Posted by

[Translate] by Tafline Laylin, INHABITAT Since 2010, the number of homeless people “sleeping rough” on the streets of London has risen 77 percent, according to James Furzer, an architectural assistant at Spatial Design Architects. In response to this humanitarian travesty, he conceived a conceptual parasitic pod home to provide temporary shelter. The winning design of the 6th Space for New Visions design competition, which called for comfortable, functional,naturally-lit spaces with a low environmental impact, “Homes for the Homeless” demonstrates howFAKRO products can be used to create detachable pods that not only attach to existing buildings, but also blend in. On any given night, 750 people seek safety, solitude and some level of protection against London’s dank cold. Socially alienated and regularly humiliated, according to Furzer, homeless people are also 35 times more likely than...

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PEOPLE AND PLANET BENEFIT FROM ‘GREEN’ BUILDINGS...

Jul 19, 2015 Posted by

[Translate]   By Paul Brown, Climate News Network     The headquarters of the U.S. Green Building Council in Washington, D.C. (Ted Eytan via Flickr) This Creative Commons-licensed piece first appeared at Climate News Network. LONDON—Buildings that are designed to cut water and energy use and make as little impact on the surrounding environment as possible make life much better for their occupants too. Studies into 69,000 buildings—homes, offices and factories—in 150 countries show that there are fewer illnesses among residents and workers, who report they are more comfortable and happier. Employers also find they are more productive. Companies that opt for “green” buildings gain because workers stay longer in their jobs and have fewer absences, while recruitment is easier because new employees are attracted to environmentally-friendly building Dr. Joseph Allen and fellow environmental...

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TENDERLOIN’S REHABILITATED ‘PRISON PARK’ TAPS INTO SAN FRANCISCO’S GEOTHERMAL ENERGY...

Jul 14, 2015 Posted by

[Translate] INHABITAT     <p>Your browser does not support iframes.</p> view this image in original size ( 1580 x 1017 ) 12 0   facebook thisfacebook this Besides being one of the city’s densest neighborhoods, Tenderloin is also notorious for its poverty....

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A LIVING CHURCH GROWS IN NEW ZEALAND...

Jul 14, 2015 Posted by

[Translate] THE DIRT  by Liz Camuti While some aspire for grand pools or tranquil gardens in their backyards, New Zealand resident, Barry Cox, had other ideas for a 3-acre space in his own yard. Yearning for an old stone church like those he had admired on his travels through Europe, Cox united his passions for religion and tree relocation to create a 100-seat chapel at his Ohaupo, New Zealand home made almost entirely from mature trees. According to the New Zealand Gardener, as a child, Cox wanted to be the Pope, but instead, settled for the position of head altar boy in his hometown church. His interest in Christianity, coupled with his encyclopedic knowledge of trees, came full circle in the creation of Tree Church. Cox, who owns the mature tree rescue and relocation business, Treelocations,...

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GORGEOUS PASSIVE HOUSE RENOVATION IN NEW YORK WINS THE “OSCARS OF EXISTING BUILDINGS?...

Jul 8, 2015 Posted by

[Translate]     <p>Your browser does not support iframes.</p> A modern retrofit of a 50-year-old New York home will leave you breathless. The terraced energy-efficient residence in the Village of Mamaroneck in Westchester County is both a retrofit and extension of an existing house built in 1963. Benzing Architects designed the project for a private client, using the existing footprint and first floor framing as the renovation’s foundation. The design has won the 2015 EBie Awards, Urban Green Council`s “Oscars of existing buildings” in the category -Power to the People- for the greatest percentage reduction in building energy use....

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GREEN ARCHITECTURE AND CRADLE TO CRADLE FUNDAMENTALS – BY Bill Mc Donough...

Jul 8, 2015 Posted by

[Translate] 24 Comments frankorazio July 31, 2014 at 4:17 pm Great read- clearly explains upcycling and what it means to look at the actual life cycle of materials. William McDonough Chair… July 11, 2014 at 3:16 pm http://www.amazon.com/William-McDonough/e/B001KIKWHM […] The Cradle to Cradle® design framework that William McDonough co-developed is an underpinning philosophy of the circular economy and the new Council. At the Forum in Davos in January, McDonough led the first CEO workshop around sustainability—focused on Cradle and Cradle, the upcycle, and the circular economy. McDonough was chosen to lead the Meta-Council on the Circular Economy due to his decades of design innovation and thought leadership dedicated to developing safe and healthy products, architecture, and communities. In addition, his ability to effectively communicate Cradle to Cradle principles makes him an ideal leader for rendering visible...

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8 SUSTAINABLE BRITISH BUILDINGS FROM THE 2015 RIBA AWARDS...

Jun 22, 2015 Posted by

[Translate] The Foundry by Architecture 00 Architecture 00 repurposed a former shoe-polish factory into the Foundry, an office facility that houses various charities in London. Built on a former brownfield in Vauxhall, this adaptive reuse project sports a zigzagging and glazed facade that allows generous amounts of natural light into the building. The architects retained many of the architectural elements of the former factory building, a strategy that not only preserved the area’s traditional character, but also had cost-effective and environmentally friendly benefits. NEO Bankside by Rogers Stirk Harbour + Partners NEO Bankside is a mixed-use development that overlooks enviable views of the adjacent River Thames and is a short stone’s throw from the Tate Modern, one of the most visited museums in the world. Designed by Rogers Stirk Harbour + Partners, the 217-unit...

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METHOD LAUNCHES IMPRESSIVE NEW LINE OF AFFORDABLE PREFAB HOUSES...

Jun 20, 2015 Posted by

[Translate]     <p>Your browser does not support iframes.</p> The newly launched model offers bedrooms and 2 baths with a compact 1,483 square foot of living space comprised of two modules.   The newly launched model offers bedrooms and 2 baths with a compact 1,483 square foot of living space comprised of two modules. Designed by Method Homes’ architect partner Chris Pardo Designs: Elemental Architecture, the model was originally created for the Ft. Peck Sustainable Village project currently being built by Method as part of the Make it Right Foundation. The team decided to launch the model and make it publicly available after the Dwell on Design Conference in LA. Related: Element 1 is a modern prefab island retreat that frames views of Puget Sound Each home is custom-tailored, allowing a high degree of...

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SOLAR-POWERED HOSPITAL HEALS PATIENTS WITH SUSTAINABLE DESIGN IN NEW ZEALAND...

Jun 16, 2015 Posted by

[Translate]     <p>Your browser does not support iframes.</p> view this image in original size ( 1580 x 1195 )   The architects created the hospital’s warm and welcoming environment by designing an easy-to-navigate layout filled with natural light, natural materials, tall ceilings, and large green wall.   Completed late last year, the three-story-tall and spacious Kathleen Kilgour Centre is estimated to provide local cancer-treatment options for approximately 600 patients. The 3,000-square-meter building is topped with a distinctive sawtooth roofline that optimizes the efficiency of the 450-square-meter rooftop solar array and maximizes natural light and ventilation. The hospital is mostly clad in off-white steel with a raised-seam profile, while the protruding green solar shades add a bright pop of color. Related: Colorful tree-inspired children’s hospital provides a green and supportive environment for young patients...

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Portable, low-energy shipping container office pops up in Copehagen...

May 27, 2015 Posted by

[Translate] INHABITAT     <p>Your browser does not support iframes.</p>   Although the shipping containers have dents and imperfections from their 10 to 14 rough years at sea, the architects chose to leave these marks—as well as the original floors and corrugated surfaces—intact to celebrate the containers’ industrial past.   Arcgency constructed Unionkul’s cargotecture framework in just two days by stacking the shipping containers atop a series of minimal site impact pillars. Although the shipping containers have dents and imperfections from their 10 to 14 rough years at sea, the architects chose to leave these marks—as well as the original floors and corrugated surfaces—intact to celebrate the containers’ industrial past. The containers were painted a matte gray and wrapped in high performing insulated facade panels. To break up the monotony of the stacked containers,...

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Responsive bioclimatic skin wraps around LEED Gold ICTA-ICP building in Barcelona...

May 27, 2015 Posted by

[Translate]  INHABITAT     <p>Your browser does not support iframes.</p>   The bioclimatic skin, a system of automated polycarbonate shutters that regulate indoor temperatures, is largely responsible for the ICTA-ICP building’s LEED Gold certification.   The bioclimatic skin, a system of automated polycarbonate shutters that regulate indoor temperatures, is largely responsible for the ICTA-ICP building’s LEED Gold certification. Heat, humidity, and carbon dioxide monitors feed information to the central computer system that’s programmed to open and close the outer skin to optimize interior conditions. Thus, the building maintains comfortable temperatures year round while minimizing reliance on non-renewable energies. Greenery is also planted throughout the building to help regulate humidity. The ICTA-ICP building achieves its impressive 90% reduction in water consumption with highly efficient water fixtures, rainwater collection, and water reuse and filtration. Rainwater, gray...

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Solar-powered Ecocapsule lets you live off-the-grid anywhere in the world...

May 22, 2015 Posted by

[Translate] INHABITAT     <p>Your browser does not support iframes.</p> The compact Ecocapsule fits all the home necessities within an egg-shaped space measuring 4.5 meters (14.6 feet) in length, 2.4 meters (7.9 feet) in width, and 2.5 meters in height (8.2 feet).   The compact Ecocapsule fits all the home necessities within an egg-shaped space measuring 4.5 meters (14.6 feet) in length, 2.4 meters (7.9 feet) in width, and 2.5 meters in height (8.2 feet). The total usable floor space is eight square meters (86 square feet). Despite its small footprint, the designers say the micro-shelter can comfortably fit two adults. The portable home includes a folding bed, two large operable windows, a working/dining area, shower and flushable toilet, storage space, and a built-in kitchenette with running water. A built-in 750W wind turbine and...

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ARTS & DESIGN – SAN FRANCISCO...

May 19, 2015 Posted by

[Translate] THE DIRT The “Market Street Prototyping Festival” featured dozens of unique temporary installations — like the “Bench-Go-Round” above – created by designers, architects, students, community members, artists, and others who entered their concepts in an earlier call for submissions. The San Francisco Planning Department partnered with the Knight Foundation and the Yerba Buena Center For The Arts to present the Prototyping Festival, which is part of a larger multi-agency effort to revitalize Market Street, a key downtown corridor. By installing low-cost prototypes instead of permanent structures, artists and organizers can get real-time feedback on how their designs work in the real world, what resonates with the public, and which improvements must be made. One of the most unique aspects of the Prototyping Festival is that after organizers have gathered feedback from the public, some of...

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