INCREDIBLE EDIBLE LANDSCAPE MAP SHOWS YOU WHERE TO FIND FREE FOOD...

Feb 29, 2016 Posted by

[Translate] Fruit is abundant if you know where to look. Falling Fruit, a massive collaborative mapping project, provides foragers with the tools they need to track down a nutritious snack. Beyond satisfying the hunger pangs of the present, the initiative provides individuals and communities with a resource through which they can build resilience in the long term. Through the contributions of people all over the world, Falling Fruit is steadily building a map that will guide the hungry towards free food that may otherwise have gone to waste. Falling Fruit was launched in Colorado in 2013 as an open project to which anyone could contribute or access food location information. While Falling Fruit was not the first foraging map online, its creators aspire for it to be the most comprehensive. At latest count, the Falling Fruit map...

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FARMING PRESCHOOL WOULD TEACH KIDS HOW TO GROW THEIR OWN FOOD...

Feb 29, 2016 Posted by

[Translate] INHABITAT by Lucy Wang  INHABITAT In our age of constant digital contact, connecting kids to nature seems more difficult than ever. Fortunately, intrepid thinkers, like Edoardo Capuzzo Dolcetta and his team of Rome-based designers, are envisioning innovative ways to bring children closer to nature. Dolcetta, along with Gabriele Capobianco, Davide Troiana, and Jonathan Lazar, recently won the AWR International Ideas Competition with “Nursery Fields Forever,” a proposal that fuses urban farming with nursery education. Part farm and part school, “Nursery Fields Forever” offers three approaches to learning: learning from nature, learning from technique, and learning from practice. “We think that kids should enjoy nature,” said Edoardo Capuzzo Dolcetta to Fast Company. “So we designed this strange school: No classrooms, but open spaces where vegetables grow inside and animals can come in too. It’s...

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THE CASE AGAINST ‘SAVING’ MARRIAGE...

Feb 29, 2016 Posted by

[Translate] Sex & Relationships e Married nuclear families are the gold standard against which we are all judged. By Nicole Rodgers / AlterNet wedding theme, holding hands newlyweds Photo Credit: Ivan Galashchuk Marriage rates have been declining for more than half a century and single women now outnumber married ones. There are few guides better at navigating this new landscape than Rebecca Traister. In a recent New York Magazine article, adapted from her soon-to-be-released book All the Single Ladies, she offers an insightful, nuanced analysis of the plight and power of unmarried women “taking up space in a world that was not designed for them.” Traister argues that the current democratic policy platform may be more liberal than it has been in a generation in response to the growth of unmarried women. It’s about...

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Bernie Is Probably Going to Lose a Bunch of Upcoming Primaries: Here’s His Political Survival Plan...

Feb 29, 2016 Posted by

[Translate] The strategy to blunt Clinton’s growing momentum. By Steven Rosenfeld / AlterNet   Photo Credit: berniesanders.com After narrowly losing to Hillary Clinton in Nevada’s caucuses last weekend and facing an expected loss today in South Carolina, Bernie Sanders is looking to rebound in a handful of states on March 1, Super Tuesday, and in big midwest states in mid-March. The Sanders campaign keeps raising money from supporters nationally and is looking past what is expected to be frustrating results and news coverage in the near future, as pre-election polls in South Carolina showed Clinton with nearly a two-to-one lead, and Clinton likely to win the southern states voting or caucusing on Super Tuesday. At this stage in the Democratic Party’s nominating process, Sanders and his team are focusing on a longer game: a...

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GLOBAL WARMING: UNEVEN CHANGES ACROSS THE PLANET...

Feb 29, 2016 Posted by

[Translate]  THE GUARDIAN With greater melting of the sea ice, polar bears (above, off northern Alaska in 2007) find hunting for prey hard. Photograph: Dan Crosbie/PA Kate Ravilios   Less than 2C of global warming for the Earth, the target agreed by leaders at the COP21 climate conference in Paris last November, doesn’t really sound too ambitious. In fact, many of us would welcome an extra couple of degrees warmth. So what is all the fuss about? Unfortunately the warming would not occur evenly around the world. A study published recently in Nature shows what 2C of warming – a rise, of this level, above the pre-industrial global mean surface temperature – might really feel like and which regions may be hit hardest. Some of the regional hot spots cited are the Mediterranean countries,...

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THE NEW GENERATION OF BUENOS AIRES TRASH PICKERS RE-ENERGIZING RECYCLING IN THE CAPITAL...

Feb 29, 2016 Posted by

[Translate] THE GUARDIAN The cartoneros of Buenos Aires are finally cashing in on the city’s newfound love of recycling. But the Argentinian capital still has a long way to go A littler picker in Buenos Aires pushes a cart full of recyclables. Recently, the Argentinian capital has made efforts to invest in recycling programs with the aim to reduce the amount of solid waste that ends up in landfill. Photograph: Victor R Caivano/AP Oliver Balch   Cecilia works a five-block strip along Calle Paraguay in Palermo, a hip district in downtown Buenos Aires. Opening a flap door at the bottom of a lime-green bin the size of an industrial fridge, her gloved hands reach in to fish out the contents inside. Plastic bottles, discarded cardboard, newspapers, a discarded cheque book and a set of...

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FOSSIL FUEL USE MUST FALL TWICE AS FAST AS THOUGHT TO CONTAIN GLOBAL WARMING – STUDY...

Feb 29, 2016 Posted by

[Translate]   Available carbon budget is half as big as thought if global warming is to be kept within 2C limit agreed internationally as being the point of no return, researchers say. Climate News Network reports Smoke billows from a coal fired power plant in Shanxi, China. Photograph: Kevin Frayer/Getty Images Tim Radford for Climate News Network, part of the Guardian Environment Network Climate scientists have bad news for governments, energy companies, motorists, passengers and citizens everywhere in the world: to contain global warming to the limits agreed by 195 nations in Paris last December, they will have to cut fossil fuel combustion at an even faster rate than anybody had predicted. Joeri Rogelj, research scholar at the International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis in Austria, and European and Canadian colleagues propose in Nature...

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WORLD’S BIGGEST FLOATING SOLAR FARM POWERS UP OUTISIDE LONDON...

Feb 29, 2016 Posted by

[Translate] THE GUARDIAN Construction of Europe’s largest floating solar panel array is underway on London’s Queen Elizabeth II reservoir. Photograph: Martin Godwin for the Guardian Divers fix anchors onto the bed of the reservoir. The panels are fixed to floats at the water’s edge, and then fed down onto the water. Photograph: Martin Godwin for the Guardian The system will cover around one-tenth of the reservoir. Photograph: Martin Godwin for the Guardian Five years in planning and due to be finished in early March, more than 23,000 solar panels will be floated on the Queen Elizabeth II reservoir near Heathrow and used to generate power for local water treatment plants Construction of Europe’s largest floating solar panel array is underway on London’s Queen Elizabeth II reservoir. Photograph: Martin Godwin for the Guardian Fiona Harvey...

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Why Innovative Tech Solutions to Clean Up Oceanic Plastic Trash Are Simply Not Enough...

Feb 29, 2016 Posted by

[Translate] Environment To truly put a stop to this eco-disaster, we have to stop treating plastics — a material made to last for years — as a throwaway commodity. By Anja Krieger / Ensia  VIA ALTERNET Photo Credit: Rich Carey/Shutterstock.com February 1, 2016 — A few palm trees stand strong in the salty breeze. Located on the southern tip of the Pacific island chain of Hawaii, Kamilo Beach is an isolated stretch of black volcanic shoreline in the middle of nowhere. Just a few hundred yards from shore, humpback whales rise up from the depths, colorful fish fill the reefs and rare sea turtles swim in to nest on the beach. But even in this remote place, garbage washes ashore each day. “We find a lot of toothbrushes and combs, plastic bottles and caps, over...

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INTERPOL BUSTS HUNDREDS FOR IVORY, RHINO HORN CRIMES...

Feb 29, 2016 Posted by

[Translate] There are 376 fewer criminals in the illegal wildlife trade thanks to an international police operation last year. Environment News Service   VIA ALTERNET Photo Credit: U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service Illegal wildlife poaching and trafficking are still going on across Africa, but there are 376 fewer criminals in the trade after an international police operation last year. An Interpol-led operation targeting ivory trafficking in Africa has resulted in 376 arrests, the seizure of 4.5 tonnes of elephant ivory and rhino horn and the investigation of 25 criminal groups involved in the illicit trade, the police agency said in a year-end statement. Operation Worthy II took place from January to October 2015 and involved law enforcement across 11 African countries: Ethiopia, Kenya, Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia, South Africa, Sudan, Swaziland, Tanzania, Uganda and Zambia. Francis...

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10 New Ways Other Countries Are Actually Solving Problems—and Kicking Our Ass...

Feb 29, 2016 Posted by

[Translate] Apparently for some, American exceptionalism means exceptional stupidity. By Larry Schwartz / AlterNet Solar power in Peru. Photo Credit: via YouTube The Presidential candidates have been sounding off for almost two years now, pointing out (or in many cases manufacturing) all of America’s problems, and offering solutions they believe will make them the next President. The candidates, especially to the right of the political spectrum, extoll America as being exceptional, and they score empty points with voters by talking about how the rest of the planet looks to the United States to solve the world’s woes. It is surprising, then, to see how many of these seemingly intractable problems are being far more effectively tackled by the countries we are supposed to be “leading”. Maybe it’s time for America to start looking elsewhere...

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IF YOU LIKE THE SUBURBS, YOU’LL LOVE SUNNYSIDE GARDENS...

Feb 29, 2016 Posted by

[Translate] David Friedlander  LIFE EDITED Architecture Lest we forget, car-dependent, suburban sprawl is a very recent phenomenon. For most of human history, living in compact homes in walkable areas was a choice borne of necessity, not lifestyle preference. This is the reason why it’s often wise to look at past precedents for smart architecture and urban planning for how we might build up greener, more connected housing in the future. One particularly interesting example of this is Sunnyside Gardens, Queens. Built from 1923-24, it was one of the country’s first planned communities, and it still stands as a paragon of smart, urban development. If you’ve hung out in New York City at all you know there are myriad housing typologies across the boroughs–townhouses, walk-up tenements, medium-rise elevator buildings, etc. For the most part, the frontage of these...

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LEONARDO DI CAPRIO USES OSCAR SPEECH TO CALL FOR CLIMATE ACTION...

Feb 29, 2016 Posted by

[Translate] by Katie Valentine CLIMATE PROGRESS CREDIT: Photo by Chris Pizzello/Invision/AP   Leonardo DiCaprio had a message for Oscar viewers Sunday night: climate change is real, and we need to act on it now. DiCaprio won the award for Best Actor for his role as a frontiersman in The Revenant — his sixth time nominated for an Oscar and first time winning. DiCaprio used the second half of his speech — after the usual thanks — to call attention to climate change. “Making The Revenant was about man’s relationship to the natural world, a world that we collectively felt in 2015 as the hottest year in recorded history — our production needed to move to the southern tip of this planet just to be able to find snow,” he said. “Climate change is real,...

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HILLARY THE HAWK: NYT CALLS CLINTON’S LIBYAN INTERVENTION, AND HER FITNESS FOR OFFICE, INTO QUESTION...

Feb 28, 2016 Posted by

[Translate] TRUTHDIG     Democratic Presidential candidate Hillary Clinton speaks to Asian American and Pacific Islander (AAPI) members in San Gabriel, Calif. on Jan. 7, 2016. (Joseph Sohm / Shutterstock) The New York Times formally endorsed Hillary Clinton for the Democratic Party’s nomination, but that stance might seem surprising after a close read of the paper’s in-depth fresh investigation of then-Secretary of State Clinton’s assured, yet ultimately failed, strategy for compulsory regime change in Libya five years ago. Jo Becker and Scott Shane set the tone for their first piece, published in Sunday’s edition, in the Times’ three-part series about Libya’s evolution by noting how that situation didn’t represent the first time Clinton had pushed for the U.S. to become involved in an overseas offensive in a Muslim country at an immeasurable cost. The...

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EMISSIONS COULD MAKE EARTH UNINHABITABLE!...

Feb 28, 2016 Posted by

[Translate]   By Tim Radford / Climate News Network  VIA TRUTHDIG     Baked earth caused by the severe water shortage in Senegal, West Africa. (United Nations via Flickr) LONDON—Greenhouse gases could tip the Earth—or at least a planet like Earth, orbiting a star very like the Sun—into a runaway greenhouse effect, according to new research. The new hothouse planet would become increasingly steamy, and then start to lose its oceans to interplanetary space. Over time, it would become completely dry, stay at a temperature at least 60°C hotter than it is now, and remain completely uninhabitable, even if greenhouse gas levels could be reduced. Max Popp, postdoctoral researcher in climate instabilities at the Max Planck Institute for Meteorology, Germany, has been playing with models of clouds, sunlight, carbon dioxide and oceans for a...

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NAOM CHOMSKY WANTS YOU TO WAKE UP FROM THE AMERICAN DREAM...

Feb 28, 2016 Posted by

[Translate]   By David Swanson, Let’s Try Democracy | Film Review http://www.truthout.com If you’ve just seen Michael Moore’s movie and are wondering how in the world the United States got diverted into the slow lane to hell, go watch Noam Chomsky’s movie. If you’ve just seen Noam Chomsky’s movie and are wondering whether the human species is really worth saving, go see Michael Moore’s movie. If you haven’t seen either of these movies, please tell me that you haven’t been watching presidential debates. As either of these movies would be glad to point out to you, that’s NOT HOW YOU CHANGE ANYTHING. “Filmed over four years, these are his last long-form documentary interviews,” Chomsky’s film, Requiem for the American Dream, says of him at the start, rather offensively. Why? He seems perfectly able to give interviews and apparently...

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Rehabs’ Failure to Give Lifesaving Naloxone to Vulnerable Clients Is Unacceptable...

Feb 28, 2016 Posted by

[Translate] Jeff Cullen was a handsome, athletic young man. A great surfer, who loved goofy comedies like Dumb & Dumber and had an affinity for animals. Pretty much the stereotypical California Golden Boy, except for his long, serious problem with heroin. On August 5, 2008, he signed up on a four-week waiting list for an intensive, six-month drug treatment program. He died later that evening. A heroin overdose. He was 27 years old. “Jeff was in nine treatment facilities over 12 years,” says his mother, Denise. “Neither he, nor we, his parents, were ever told about his risk of overdose or anything about overdose prevention, including naloxone.” Denise Cullen has since become an advocate through her grief-support organization, Broken No More. Her friend and fellow advocate Gretchen Bergman has also experienced the ordeal of her sons enduring opioid addiction. “I...

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THE KILLING FIELDS OF SOUTH SUDAN...

Feb 27, 2016 Posted by

[Translate]   Nicholas Kristof NYTIMES By ROOPA GOGINENI and NICHOLAS KRISTOF Atrocities are being committed by a government that the United States has helped establish. LEER, South Sudan — THE killing field on the edge of town is marked by skulls and bones littering the ground, attracting vultures and hyenas. There is little clothing, for the soldiers stripped the men and boys they seized. Spines have been sliced in half and clavicles shattered, suggesting that victims were clubbed to death or hacked apart with machetes. Some of the skulls might even belong to five staff members of Doctors Without Borders who were murdered here. Atrocities happen all around the world, of course. But these were crimes against humanity committed by “our side” — by the government of South Sudan that the United States helped...

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NO BILL GATES, WE DON’T NEED ENERGY MIRACLES TO SOLVE CLIMATE CHANGE...

Feb 27, 2016 Posted by

[Translate] by Joe Romm THINK PROGRESS CREDIT: Shutterstock   For six years, Bill Gates has been arguing that we need “energy miracles” to avoid catastrophic climate change. For six years, he has been wrong. In fact, Gates is more wrong now than he was in 2010. Why? Because in the last six years, we have seen that aggressive deployment of clean energy technology driven by government policies has — as was predicted — led to precisely the kind of game-changing cost-slashing innovation that Gates mistakenly thinks happens primarily from basic energy research and development (R&D). For six years, Gates has claimed we were wildly under-investing in basic energy R&D. Yet, somehow the very thing Gates says he wanted — huge price drops in key low-carbon technologies (like renewables and efficiency) and key enabling technologies...

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PROFIT OVER THE PLANET: WTO’S LAWSUIT RULING COULD BE A GIANT BLOW TO THE RENEWABLE ENERGY MOVEMENT...

Feb 27, 2016 Posted by

[Translate] WTO tribunal ruled in a lawsuit initiated by the U.S. that India’s national solar energy program violates trade law Ben Norton  SALON.COM (Credit: Reuters/Rick Wilking) A new ruling by the World Trade Organization could be a big blow to the growing renewable energy movement around the world. A WTO tribunal ruled Wednesday that India’s national solar energy program violates trade law, in a lawsuit initiated by the U.S. Almost half of states in the U.S. have programs that are similar to India’s, which subsidize the renewable energy industry and create local, environmentally friendly jobs. Environmental groups say the deal shows that the WTO and U.S. care more about free trade policies and profit than they do about moving toward renewable energy sources. Bill Waren, senior trade analyst at Friends of the Earth, said...

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THE FDA NOW OFFICIALLY BELONGS TO BIG PHARMA...

Feb 27, 2016 Posted by

[Translate] Robert Califf’s ties to the industry run deep, and the Obama nominee just sailed through the U.S. Senate Martha Rosenberg, AlterNet   Dr. Robert Califf(Credit: AP/Pablo Martinez Monsivais) This article originally appeared on AlterNet. AlterNet It is hard to believe only four senators opposed the confirmation of Robert Califf, who was approved today as the next FDA commissioner. Vocal opponent Bernie Sanders condemned the vote from the campaign trail. But where was Dick Durbin? Where were all the lawmakers who say they care about industry and Wall Street profiteers making money at the expense of public health? Califf, chancellor of clinical and translational research at Duke University until recently, received money from 23 drug companies including the giants like Johnson & Johnson, Lilly, Merck, Schering Plough and GSK according to a disclosure statement...

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AL GORE’S ELECTRIFYING, OPTIMISTIC (!) TAKE ON CLIMATE CHANGE...

Feb 27, 2016 Posted by

[Translate] Talk of the week TED TALK 25:20 minutes · Filmed Feb 2016 · Posted Feb 2016 · TED2016 Last week, Al Gore rocked TED with one of the most electrifying talks on our planet’s future you’ll ever hear. He asks three questions about climate change: Do we have to change? (Oh, yes we do; stunning stats and some jawdropping footage help make his case.) Second question: Can we change? And here’s the surprising part: We’ve already started. So then, he asks the big question: Will we change? In this challenging, inspiring talk, Gore says yes: “We’re going to win this.” If you’ve got climate-change fatigue, feeling helpless and hopeless — take the time to watch this rousing talk on the state of Earth right now. Watch now...

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WHO IS KILLING THE HEALERS AND WHY?...

Feb 27, 2016 Posted by

[Translate]     Dr. Jeffrey Bradstreet By Foster Gamble In June of 2015, a well-respected Florida health practitioner, Dr. Jeffrey Bradstreet, went missing and was then discovered floating face down in a North Carolina river, a bullet hole in his chest. Foul play? Why would anyone order a hit on a generous family man who was just trying to do good? The death is still shrouded in mystery. Authorities almost immediately ruled his death a suicide, but his family says otherwise. Who shoots themselves in the chest to commit suicide, while positioned in just such a way that they will fall into a river? So let’s unpack the back story. Dr. Bradstreet’s own son was brain damaged following an MMR vaccine at 12 months of age. The experience helped convince the doctor to look...

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ARE RVS A GOOD SOLUTION TO AFFORDABLE URBAN HOUSING?...

Feb 26, 2016 Posted by

[Translate] David Friedlander  LIFE EDITED Architecture We’re ever on the lookout for creative ways of making cities denser and more affordable. One way of doing that is filling up unused land gaps with housing. And one super simple form of housing that can do that are RVs. They’re small so can fit in the most miniscule parcel of land. And because they’re mobile, they can be inserted and removed on a moment’s notice, making them ideal for land that might be in transition. We’ve looked at how a couple New Yorkers live in their RVs, and recently the real estate site Zillow did a profile of Ellen Sims, an RVer living in Seattle. Following the simultaneous departure of her two housemates in 2014, Sims pondered her options for an affordable alternative to traditional apartment...

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STORMPROOFING THE ATLANTIC COAST...

Feb 26, 2016 Posted by

[Translate]  by The Dirt Contributor Atlantic City, New Jersey / Structure of Coastal Resilience The galleries of the Center for Architecture in New York City provide a small view of the large scope of the Structures of Coastal Resilience, a new research and design project from Princeton University. The project is sweeping: new designs for resilience on the Atlantic coastline from New England to Virginia. The exhibition displays just two proposals for Atlantic City, New Jersey, and New York’s Jamaica Bay, but the in-depth, companion web site shows all four proposals, including those for Narragansett Bay, Rhode Island, and Norfolk, Virginia. The straightforward exhibition design — mostly architectural boards pinned to the wall — details solutions for buffering against storms in the next hundred years. A team from Princeton University’s School of Architecture led...

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IT’S TIME TO TAKE PHYTOREMEDIATION SERIOUSLY...

Feb 26, 2016 Posted by

[Translate]  by The Dirt Contributor Phyto / Routledge Any new studio reference book needs be beautifully illustrated. In this respect, Harvard University landscape architecture professor Niall Kirkwood, FASLA, and landscape architect Kate Kennen, ASLA, don’t disappoint with Phyto: Principles and Resources for Site Remediation and Landscape Design. But while we all like to look at beautifully-crafted, well-curated imagery, that’s not the point. The book is illuminating, a careful and coherent, critical and constructive analysis of the Phytoremediation movement, which calls for using plants to remove toxic chemicals, metals, and other contaminants from the environment. The book begins by acknowledging an accomplished group of contributors, who bring credibility to a subject critically important but too often dismissed in the “real world.” Early on, the book provides a thoughtful sequence that explicitly explains the rationale for...

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CALIFORNIA MOVES FORWARD WITH DRILLING IN PROTECTED AQUIFIERS...

Feb 26, 2016 Posted by

[Translate] by Samantha Page CLIMATE PROGRESS CREDIT: AP Photo/Jae C. Hong, File California has both water and oil underground. Which is worth more?   A California regulator is asking the EPA to officially allow oil drilling and wastewater disposal in a protected aquifer near San Luis Obispo. The request is the first of dozens the state is expected to make, after revelations surfaced that the Division of Oil, Gas, and Geothermal Resources had, for years, improperly issued permits to inject wastewater into underground basins protected by the Clean Water Act. The California Water Board has signed off on its sister agency’s request, saying that the aquifer is separated from local drinking water sources by an “impermeable barrier.” But residents and environmentalists are skeptical. Californians have good reason to be skeptical that the division, known...

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Are You Doing Business With a Green Company or an Impostor?...

Feb 26, 2016 Posted by

[Translate] What exactly makes a company green? There are dozens of good guys out there in the market, such as Amway and Crate & Barrel, that utilize organic farms, sustainable packaging and sustainable farmers to produce a large amount of their products. But not everyone is as green as they claim to be. Here are some ways you can make sure you’re dealing with a truly green company. How Can You Detect the Good Guys? There are hundreds of eco-labels found on products on the market today. These labels exist to help make consumer buying decisions a bit more informed and green. You can find them on everything from organic groceries to showerheads. Energy Star: One of the most recognizable eco-certifications, Energy Star applies to a variety of household items, including appliances, electronics and...

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Florida Officials Drain Lake Full Of ‘Toilet’ Water To Coast...

Feb 26, 2016 Posted by

[Translate] by Bryan Dewan Feb 25, 2016 12:23 pm CREDIT: Jacqui Thurlow-Lippisch Aerial view of polluted waters caused by last Okeechobee discharge, dubbed the “Lost Summer,” in 2013   With tourist season just around the corner, Florida’s beach communities would normally be preparing for a happy, healthy summer. Instead, they’re reeling from polluted water that is likely to inflict severe damage to the local economy and environment. Lake Okeechobee, a large inland lake in southern Florida, is experiencing its highest water levels in nearly a century due to heavy rains that fell during the month of January. This should not be suprising, because heavy rainfall events are increasing as the planet warms. But after water levels reached a foot above normal, public officials began to worry that the excess water was putting too much...

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OCEAN ACIDIFICATION IS SLOWING CORAL REEF GROWTH...

Feb 25, 2016 Posted by

[Translate] by Katie Valentine CLIMATE PROGRESS CREDIT: Ken Caldeira Reef flat study site at One Tree Reef, Australia.   High levels of carbon dioxide in the world’s oceans are likely slowing down coral growth, according to a new study. The study, published Wednesday in the journal Nature, looked at One Tree Reef in the southern Great Barrier Reef. Researchers pumped a sodium hydroxide solution over the reef that lowered the acidity of the water, bringing the alkalinity close to the level it would have been in pre-industrial times, when atmospheric and oceanic carbon dioxide levels were far lower than they are today. They measured the growth rate of the reef under these conditions, and found that corals calcified — took in calcium and carbonate from the water to create their skeletons — at a...

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